Monday, 5 March 2012

UNDERSTANDING aqeedah of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamaah


By
Al-Yazid ibn Abd al-Qadir Ustadz Jawas

A. Description of 'Aqeedah
'Aqeedah (العقيدة) according to the Persia terminology (etymology) comes from the phrase al-' aqdu (العقد) which indicates the ties, at-tautsiiqu (التوثيق) which indicates a powerful perception or indictment, al-ihkaamu (الإحكام) which indicates re-inifocing (setting ), and ar-rabthu biquw-wah (الربط بقوة) which indicates the joining power. [1]

Meanwhile, according to the conditions (terminology): 'aqeedah is the company trust and sure, that there is no uncertainty for those who believe in it.

Thus, 'the Islamic Aqeedah is the company trust and are sure to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala with all the rendering of responsibilities, bertauhid [2] and respect Him, believe in His angels, His messengers, the Book- His publication, The end of the day, excellent and bad luck and trust in all that had nothing genuine about the Concepts of Thinking (Ushuluddin), concerns of the hidden, trust in what the ijma '(consensus) of Salafush Salih, as well as all information qath'i (definitely), both technically and in amaliyah set according to Al-Qur-an and the genuine Sunnah and ijma 'Salafush Salih. [3]

B. The research item Sciences' Aqeedah [4]
'Aqeedah when considered from the viewpoint of technology, according to the idea of Ahlus Sunnahwal jamaah, masking topics: Oneness, Faith, Islam, concerns ghaibiyyaat (things unseen), prediction, success, the information (about the elements previous and future), the lawful time frame qath'i (definitely), all the fundamentals of religion and perception, such as the questions to the Ahl-ul-ahwa 'wal bida' (followers of interest and advancement expert) , all of the educational institutions and variations menyempal again inaccurate and behaviour towards them.

Disciplines' aqeedah this has another name, corresponding to, and the titles are different between the Ahlus Sunnah with firqah-firqah (factions) others.

• Labeling the 'Aqeedah of Ahlus Sunnah according to:
Among the titles of the 'Aqeedah of Ahlus Sunnah according to the college learners are:

A. Al-Iman
'Aqeedah is also known as the al-Iman, as described in Al-Qur'an and the hadiths of the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, as' aqeedah talk about the six support beams of trust and concerns relevant thereto. As the talk about of al-Iman in a well-known hadith known as hadeeth of Jibreel Alaihissallam. And the college learners of Ahlus Sunnah is often known as the phrase 'Aqeedah al-Iman in their guides. [5]

2. 'Aqeedah (I'tiqaad and' Aqaa-id)
The college learners of Ahlus Sunnah is often known as the technology of 'aqeedah as' Aqeedah Salaf:' Aqeedah ahl al-I'tiqaad Atsar and in their guides. [6]

3. Tawheed
'Aqeedah Tawheed as known as by the conversation centered around Tauhid or pengesaan to God in Rububiyyah, Uluhiyyah and Asma' wa Shifat. So, Tawheed is the research of technology 'Aqeedah of the most respectable and the attention. That is why technology is known as the technology of monotheism in common according to the Salaf. [7]

4. As-Sunnah
Sunnah indicates the way. 'Aqeedah As-Sunnah Salaf known as because its enthusiasts to go by the highway taken by the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam and the Partners of Allaah anhum in the issue of 'aqeedah. And this phrase is a well-known phrase (popular) in the first three years. [8]

5. Ushuluddin and Ushuluddiyanah
Usul indicates the support beams of the Faith, the support beams of Islam and the issues that qath'i and the elements that has become the agreement of the college learners. [9]

6. Al-Akbar Fiqhul
This is another name Ushuluddin and the other of al-Fiqhul Ashghar, a selection of regulations ijtihadi. [10]

7. Ash-Sharia
The factor is that everything that has been founded by God Almighty and His Messenger of the roads of signs, especially the most primary and is Ushuluddin (problems of 'aqeedah). [11]

Those are some other titles of the sciences 'Aqeedah of the most well-known, and sometimes moreover to the team known as Ahlus Sunnah' aqeedah them with the titles used by the Ahlus Sunnah, like most of the circulation Asyaa'irah (Asha'ira), especially among college learners of hadith them.

• The naming of 'aqeedah according firqah (sect) are:
There are some other conditions used by firqah (sect) moreover to Ahlus Sunnah as the name of technology 'aqeedah, and the most well-known of which are:

A. Kalam Science
Naming is known throughout the theological river mutakallimin (pengagung technology of kalam), such as circulation Mu'tazilah, Asyaa'irah [12] and the team that goes along with them. This name should not be used, because technology itself Kalam merupa out a new factor any longer, and have created diada taqawwul concept (saying something) the name of God is not according to technology.

And ban bolehnya not be implemented because they clash with the Salaf technique in identifying the issues' aqeedah.

2. Philosophy
This phrase is used by philosophers and those who arranged with them. This is the name that should not be used in 'aqeedah, because the primary viewpoint that is dream, rationality, make believe and superstition opinions about the elements hidden.

3. Tashawwuf
This phrase is used by most of the Shufi, thinker, orientalist and those who arranged with them. This is the name that should not be used in 'aqeedah, because it is a new naming-invent diada again. It contains the Shufi delirium, statements and confessions of their superstition used as a referrals in the 'Aqeedah.

Naming Tashawwuf and Shufi not known at the starting of Islam. Labeling this well-known (there) after that or get into Islam from spiritual lessons and values other than Islam.

Dr. Shabir Tha'imah described in his publication, wa ash-Shuufiyyah Mu'taqadan Maslakan: "It is obvious that Tashawwuf affected by the lifestyle of Religious monks, they like to use apparel of fleece coat and obsess in monasteries, and this lot. Islam determined this addiction when he published each nation to monotheism. Islam gives a excellent effect on the life and increase the way the incorrect way of praise of the individuals before Islam. "[13]

Sheikh Dr. Ihsan Beautiful Zahir (d.. H 1407) rahimahullah said in his book-at-Tashawwuful Mansya 'wal Mashaadir: "If we look properly about the lessons of the first and last Shufi (later) as well as the opinions are offered and acknowledged by their in Shufi guides both old and new, then we will clearly see that much change between Shufi with the lessons of Al-Qur'an and Sunnah. So also we have never seen any seed products Shufi in the way of lifestyle of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and the Partners of Allaah he anhum, who they are (as best) choice Allaah from His servants (after the Prophets and the Apostles). Instead, we can see that the lessons Tashawwuf taken from Religious monks, Brahmin, Hindu, Judaism, Buddhist and all zuhudan, ash-Syu'ubi idea in Zoroastrianism in Iran which is the starting of the interval Shufi, Ghanusiyah, Portugal, and believed Neo -Platonism, which is done by individuals Shufi later. "[14]

Shaykh 'Abd al-Vice rahimahullah says in his publication, Mashra'ut Tashawwuf: "Surely it is a scam Tashawwuf (treason) most contemptible and wretched. Shaytan has created a cleaning of God robbed him and salary war against Allah Almighty and His Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Indeed Tashawwuf is (as) a protect Zoroastrian that he moves as an professional assistance, even under the guise of all these opponents of Islam. When analyzed more in-depth, will be discovered that in the coaching of the doctrine involved Shufi Brahmanism, Buddhism, Zoroasterisme, Platoisme, Judaism, Christianity and Paganism. "[15]

4. Ilaahiyyat (Theology)
Illahiyat is the research of 'aqeedah with the technique of viewpoint. This is the name used by mutakallimin, the philosophers, the Orientalists and their supporters. This is also the naming of the incorrect that this name should not be used, because they mean is the viewpoint of the philosophers and the details about AllahSubhanahu mutakallimin wa Ta'alal according to their opinions.

5. Behind the durability of Normal Metaphysics
The phrase is used by philosophers and authors of European as well as those that are in range with them. This name should not be used, because just according to simple people believed, and in contrast to the Al-Qur'an and Sunnah.

Many individuals who contact what they believe and the foundations or thoughts that they carry as a perception even if it is incorrect (falsehood) or have no time frame (arguments) 'aqli and naqli. Indeed 'aqeedah which have the appropriate understanding of the' Aqeedah of Ahlus Sunnah wal jamaah Al-derived from the Qur'an and the hadiths of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is genuine and Ijma' Salafush Salih.

C. Description of the Salaf (السلف)
According to the terminology (etymology), Salaf (السلف) indicates that the last (ancestors), the mature and more well-known [16]. Salaf indicates forerunners. If it is said (سلف الرجل) salaf someone, indicating both mother and father who had beat him. [17]

According to the conditions (terminology), the phrase Salaf indicates the first technology and the best of the Ummah (Islamic), which is created up of the Sahaba, Tabi'in, Tabi'ut Tabi'in and monks holding the guidelines on the three-period (generation / future) first are respected by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, as the terms of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

خير الناس قرني ثم الذين يلونهم ثم الذين يلونهم.

"The best man was in time (ie duration of the Companions), then the next (the Tabi'in), then the next (the Tabi'ut Tabi'in)." [18]

According to al-Qalsyani: "Salafush Salih is the first technology of this ummah are very deeply understanding of technology, which follows the guidelines of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and keep the Sunnah. God determined them to come with His Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and sustain his religion ... "[19]

Shaikh Mahmud Ahmad Khafaji said in his publication, al-'Aqiidatul Islamiyyah Salafiyyah bainas wal Mu'tazilah: "Determination of the phrase Salaf was not enough with only short while only, even should be according to Al-Qur-an and Sunnah according to the understanding Salafush Salih (about 'aqeedah, manhaj, morals and mysticism-pent.). Any individual whose viewpoint according to Al-Qur-an and the Sunnah of 'aqeedah, according to the understanding of law and suluknya Salaf, the Salafi although he known as the position a lot and different time. Instead, whoever breaks the viewpoint of Al-Qur'an and Sunnah, then he is not a Salafi although he resided a while companion, Ta-bi'in and Tabi'ut Tabi'in. [20]

Penisbatan idea Salaf or as-Salafiyyuun not involve situations of heresy, but this is penisbatan penisbatan the syar'i because feature themselves to the first technology of this ummah, that the Sahaba, and Tabi'ut Tabi'in Tabi'in.

Ahlus Sunnah wal jamaah said also as-Salafiyyuun because they adhere to manhaj Salafush Salih from Associates and Tabi'ut Tabi'in. Then everyone who followed in their actions and going for walks on their manhaj-in-all time, they are known as Salafi, as assigned to the Salaf. Salaf is not a team or category as acknowledged by most individuals, but it is a manhaj (live in ber'aqidah program, praise, arbitrate, and the other a certain character) which is compulsory for every Islamic. Thus, must Salaf assigned to individuals who sustain the protection of 'aqeedah and manhaj integrated according to what the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam and the Partners of Allaah anhum before the trouble and discord. [21]

Rahimahullah Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (d.. 728 H) [22] said: "It is not a shame for the individual who showed up manhaj feature himself to the Salaf and the Salaf, even so must take it because manhaj Salaf is nothing but the simple fact." [23 ]

[Copied from the publication Sharh Aqeedah Ahlus Sunnah wal jamaah, Author of Yazid ibn Abdul Qadir Jawas, Audience Marketers Imam ash-Shafi'i, Po Box 7803/JACC Jakarta 13340A, Third Publishing 1427H/Juni 2006M]
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Footnote
[1]. Lisaanul 'Arab (IX/311: عقد) of Ibn Manzhur (d.. 711 H) t and Mu'jamul Wasiith (II/614: عقد).
[2]. Rububiyyah monotheism, Uluhiyyah, and Asma 'wa Shifat God.
[3]. See Buhuuts fii 'Aqiidah Ahlis Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah (p. 11-12) by Dr. Nasir bin 'Abdul Karim al-' Aql, cet. II / Daarul 'Ashimah / yr. H 1419, 'Aqiidah Ahlis Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah (p. 13-14) performs of Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim al-Hamd and Mujmal Ushuul Ahlis Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah fil' Aqiidah by Dr. Nasir bin 'Abdul Karim al-' Aql.
[4]. See Buhuuts fii 'Aqiidah Ahlis Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah (pp. 12-14).
[5]. Like the perform of Imam Abu Kitaabul Iimaan 'Ubaid al-Qasim ibn Sallam (d.. 224 H), Kitaabul Iimaan perform Hafiz Abu Bakr al-' Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abi Syaibah (d.. 235 AH), Ibn al-Imaan Mandah (d.. 359 H) and Faith Kitabul Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah's perform (d.. 728 H), رحمهم الله.
[6]. Such as' Ash-haabil Aqiidatus Salaf al-Shabuni Hadiits performs (d.. 449 H), Sharh Sunnah wal Ushuul I'tiqaad Ahlis Jamaa'ah (p. 5-6) by Imam al-Lalika-i (d.. 418 H) and al-I'tiqaad by Imam al-Bayhaqi (d.. 458 H), رحمهم الله.
[7]. As Kitaabut Shahiihul Tauhiid in Imam Bukhari's perform al-Bukhari (d.. 256 H), Kitaabut Tauhid wa Rabb Itsbaat Shifaatir Khuzaimah Ibn (d.. 311 H), Kitaab I'tiqaadit Tauhiid by Abu 'Abdillah Muhammad bin Khafif (d. decades. 371 H), Kitaabut Tauhiid by Ibn Mandah (d.. 359 H) and Kitaabut Tauhiid by Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab (d.. H 1206), رحمهم الله.
[8]. As the publication performs as-Sunnah Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal (d.. 241 H), as-Sunnah perform of 'Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal (d.. 290 H), as-Sunnah al-Khallal (d.. 311 H) and performs of Imam al Sunnah Syarhus-Barbahari (d.. 329 H), رحمهم الله.
[9]. As the publication of al-Baghdadi Ushuuluddin (d.. 429 H), ash-Sharh wal Ibaanah 'an Ushuuliddiyaanah of Ibn al-Ukbari Baththah (d.. 387 H) and al-Ibaanah' an Ushuuliddiyaanah perform of al-Imam Abul Hasan ash 'ari (d.. 324 H), رحمهم الله.
[10]. As the publication of al-Akbar Fiqhul performs of Imam Abu Hanifa t (d.. 150).
[11]. As the publication of al-Syarii'ah by al-Ajurri (d.. 360 H) and al-Ibaanah 'an Syarii'atil firqah Ibn an-Naajiyah Baththah.
[12]. As Syarhul Maqaashid fii 'Ilmil Kalaam perform at-Taftazani (d.. 791 H).
[13]. Ash-wa Shuufiyyah Mu'taqadan Maslakan (p. 17), offered from the performs of Shaykh Dr. Haqiiqatuth Tashawwuf. Fauzan bin Salih bin 'Abdillah al-Fauzan (pp. 18-19).
[14]. At-Tashawwuf al-Mansya 'wal Mashaadir (p. 50), cet. I / Idaarah Turjumanis Sunnah, Lahore-Pakistan, th. 1406 H.
[15]. Mashra'ut Tashawwuf (p. 10), cet. I / Riyaasah Idaaratil Buhuuts al-'Ilmiyyah wal Iftaa', th. 1414 H.
[16]. Lisaanul 'Arab (VI/331) of Ibn Manzhur (d.. 711 H) rahimahullah.
[17]. See al-wal Mufassiruun bainat Ta'wiil Itsbaat Aayatish Shifaat fii (I/11) by Shaykh Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Maghrawi, Muassasah ar-Risala, th. 1420 H.
[18]. Decided alaih. HR. Al-Bukhari (no. 2652) and Islamic (no. 2533 (212)), of the Friends' Abdullah bin Mas'ud anhu Allaah.
[19]. Al-Mufassiruun bainat Ta'wiil wal Itsbaat Aayatish Shifaat fii (I/11).
[20]. Al-Mufassiruun bainat Ta' wiil wal-fii Itsbaat Aayatish Shifaat (I/13-14) and al-Wajiiz fii 'Aqiidah Salafush Shaalih (p. 34).
[21]. Mauqif Ahlis Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah min Ahlil Ahwaa 'wal Bida' (I/63-64) by Shaykh Dr. Ibrahim ibn 'Amir ar-Ruhaili, Bashaa-iru Dzawi Sensation problems bi Sharh Marwiyyati Manhajis Salaf (p. 21) performs of Shaikh Salim bin' Eid al-Hilali and Mujmal Ushuul Ahlis Sunnah wal Jamaa'ah fil 'Aqiidah.

[22]. He is Ahmad bin 'Abdul Halim bin' Abdussalam bin 'Abdillah bin Khidhir bin Muhammad bin' Ali bin 'Abdillah ibn Taymiyya al-Harrani. He was blessed on Wednesday, 14 Rabi al Awwal th. 661 H in Harran (the position near the Syrians). He was a student who was in his understanding, his face large. Defenders of real Islam and gained the handle of Shaykh al-Islam as almost acquired all professions. He involved a spiritual century-7 H and commited to memory the Qur-an from an early age. He has rahimahullah learners 'pious and well-known, among others: Shamsuddin bin' Abd al-Hadi (d.. 744 H), adh-Dzahabi Shamsuddin (d.. 748 H), Shamsuddin Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyyah (d.. 751 H), Shamsuddin Ibn Muflih (d.. 763 H) and 'Imad Ibn Kathir (d.. 774 H), the author of the well-known remarks, Ibn Tafsiir Katsiir.

'Aqeedah Shaykh al-Islam is the' aqeedah Salaf, may Allaah have whim he was a Reformer of Islam who conducted to sustain simple fact, battle to determine Al-Qur-an and Sunnah according to the understanding of the Partners of Allaah but the Ahl-ul-bid'ah anhum grudge against him, so many of the charged and slander. He described that haq but professionals are not happy with his saying heresy, so he reported to the government bodies then, several periods he lastly was caught until his loss of life in jail (H 728 years). May Allah reduce his sins, add out the delights that are very large and involve rahimahullah him into His Paradise. (Al-wan Bidayah Nihayah XIII/255, XIV/38, 141-145).
[23]. Majmu 'Islam Syaikhil Fataawaa Ibni Taymiyah (IV/149).

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