Monday, 6 February 2012

Reading law backbiting, bum out over of backbiting and backbiting The permissible

Backbiting

By
Ustad Ibn Abidin As-Soronji


LEGAL LISTENING backbiting
Imam Nawawi says in Al-Adzkar: "Know that backbiting is as unacceptable for people who menggibahi, unacceptable additionally for people who pay interest and acknowledge. it's compulsory for anyone who observed somebody begin menggibahi (another brother) to avoid the individual, if he is not frightened to mudhorot further normal. And if he was scared of that individual, then it's essential for him to say no his center and gradually left the stage where backbiting is that if it were doable.

If he's ready to decline the spoke backbiting or by mesmerizing the discussion had with others, then it's essential for him to try and do therefore. If he didn't mean he is been adulterous.

If he says along with his tongue: "Be quiet", however his center desired to debate gibah was followed, then it's hypocrisy that may not no value him from sin. He should dislike gibah along with her (to be totally devoid of sin-pent).

If he had within the current started ghibahnya and he was incapable to say no backbiting, or he has been declined however wasn't recognized, and not permit him to depart the started, then for him to istima Harom '(listen) and isgho' (listen properly ) that backbiting discussion. All he did was let him dhikr of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala along with his language and his center, or along with her, or she believed the opposite state of affairs, therefore he might flee from enjoying gibah it. afterward it's no sin for him to note backbiting (ie simply notice however don't pay interest and not familiar with what's heard-pent), while not backbiting is listening well, if indeed the state of affairs like this (because it can't be necessary to depart the started gibah-pent) . However, if (some time) then permit him to depart the authorities and that they still keep backbiting, then it's essential for him to depart the started "[1] 20). Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

وإذا رأيت الذين يخوضون في آياتنا فأعرض عنهم حتى يخوضوا في حديث غيره, و إم ينسينكم الشيطان فلا تقعد بعد الذكر مع القوم الظالمين

"And after you see people who model our data, then down facet from them till they mebicarakan different interactions. And if you ignore the Syaithon, don't you sit down with people who dzolim when you retain in mind." [Al-An `am: 68]

It is actual the terms of a poet ...

وسمعك صن عن سماع القبيح كصون اللسان عن النطق به
فإنك عند سماع القبيح شريك لقائله فانتبه

And being attentive to, keep it from enjoying ugliness
As you retain it lisanmu of full ugliness.
Surely after you pay interest to the ugliness,
You have been an equivalent with people who speak it, therefore use caution.

And the gradually left space of backbiting are the qualities of the followers, as Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala:

وإذا سمعوا اللغو أعرضوا عنه

"And once they observed lagwu (words that aren't useful) they convert far from it". [Al-Qasas: 55]

والذين هم عن اللغو معرضين

"And people who retreat from the (deeds and sayings) aren't useful". [Al-Mu'minun: 3]

Even instructed for anyone who observed his sister dighibahi gibah not simply avoid it, however to safeguard the popularity of his sister, because the Prophet Muhammad properly sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

عن أبي الدرداء عن النبي قال: من رد عن عرض أخيه, رد الله وجهه النار

"From Abu Darda 'Allaah' anhu, he said: The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:" Who can defend the popularity of his sister who defamed individual, then God can decline the shoots of terrible from their individuals on the Day of Resurrection "[2]

Similarly, the exercise of the salaf when there dighibahi sister, they're going to defend it, as within the following hadiths:

عن عتبان بن مالك قال: قام النبي يصلي فقال: أين ملك بن الدخشن? فقال رجل: ذلك منافق, لا يحب الله و رسوله, فقال النبي: لا تقل ذلك, ألا تراه قد قال لا إله إلا الله يريد بذلك وجه الله وإن الله قد حرم على النار من قال لا إله إلا الله يبتغي بذلك وجه الله

"From 'Itban Allaah ibn Malik' anhu, he said: The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam verify prayer, and then (after prayer) he said:" Where is Malik bin Addukhsyum? ", Then there's a person answered:" He hypocritical, not love of God and His Messenger ", then the Prophet r said:" don't say therefore, does one not see that he had spoke with la ila ha illa Allah as a result of Allah Ikhlash?, and Allah has unacceptable the Shoot for people who say la ilaha illa Allah with Ikhlash for God ". [Bukhari and Muslim]

حتى بلغ (رسول الهر) تبوك فقال وهو جالس في القوم بتبوك ما فعل كعب بن مالك فقال رجل من بنى سلمة: يا رسول الله حبسه برداه و النظر في عطفيه. فقال له معاذ بن جبل: بئس ما قلت, والله يا رسول الله ما علمنا عليه إلا خيرا, فسكت رسول الله

"From Ka'b bin Malik Allaah 'anhu, he said: When the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam has arrive at Tabuk, and whereas seated he asked: 'What did Ka'b?", (That is why he's not out to salary jihad Tabuk is-Ed.) then there's a person from Bani Salamah said: "O Messenger of Allah, he has been presented once more by the quilt and headband." Then Mu'adh bin Jabal t said: "It's dreadful language, for the advantage of Allah Messenger of Allah, we tend to don't apprehend nothing of him however solely the wonderful ". Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said nothing". [Bukhari and Muslim]

Repent FROM backbiting
Shaykh Uthaymeen said: "... backbiting that you simply discuss in a very condition he wasn't there, and you embarrass him before facet of men whereas he wasn't there. For the problem (repent of backbiting) is that the faculty students do not acknowledge. Among faculty students there's an aphorism (that) you (the menggibah) ought to come back to him (which dighibahi) and said to him: "O therefore and therefore truly I've mentioned to you before facet of others, then I anticipate you to cut back me and discarding ( actions) ku ".

Some faculty students (others) say (that) you are doing not come back to him, however there are the details: If the dighibahi have known that thou hast mengghibahinya, then you must come back to him and requested that he quit what you probably did. however if he doesn't apprehend, you shall not come back (but should) you beg forgiveness for her edges and edges you discuss locations that you simply mengghibahinya. as a result of the particular edges will take away the ugliness, the ugliness. The second viewpoint is additional acceptable, particularly that the backbiting that, if the dighibahi not apprehend that you simply have mengghibahinya, then you say good-enough edges within the locations you mengghibahinya and you beg for forgiveness for him. you'll say: "God scale back him", as within the hadith:

كفارة من اغتبته أن تستغفر له

"Kafarah (sin) to the individual you're you willing to beg forgiveness ghibahi for him" [3].

Ibn Kathir said: "... different faculty students said:" it's not necessary for him (which mengghibah) seeking penghalalan (perelaan ghibahnya sin-pent) of the individual he ghibahi. as a result of if he informs people he's that he has ghibahi mengghibahinya, then generally even people who are additional hurt dighibahi than if he didn't apprehend, the reply is he (the pengghibah) ought to reward him with the advantages of the person who run the locations that he had denounced him ... "[4]

HOW avoid backbiting
To avoid the backbiting we tend to should perceive that everything we are saying it'll be noted and can be attributed by Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala says:

ما يلفظ من قول إلا لديه رقيب عتيد

"Not a ucapanpun will he full however there's a regional angel professionals are invariably present". [Qaf: 18]

ولا تقف ما ليس لك به علم إن السمع والبصر والفؤاد كل أولئك كان عنه مسئولا

"And does one adhere to what you are doing not apprehend, very being attentive to, look, and minds that each one are inquired (held accountable)" [al-Isra ': 36]

If we tend to don't keep us vocally, therefore to speak as he desires while not initial weigh-weighted, that gradually led to us slipping into backbiting or others, then this outcome is lethal. For dental like indicates most men place into terrible. because the terms of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

و هل يكب الناس في النار على وجوههم إلا حصائد ألسنتهم?

"Is not no man who stepped into terrible, however thanks to their oral-oral".

Similarly, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam:

أكثر ما يدخل الناس النار الأجوفان: الفم و الفرج

"The most humankind begin the terrible is 2 holes: the mouth and genitals". [5]

عن أبي هريرة أنه سمع النبي z n يقول: إن العبد ليتكلم بالكلمة من سخط الله لا يلقي لها بالا يهوي بها في جهنم

"From Abu Hurayrah that he observed the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:" Observe a cleaning is basically getting to say a phrase that received the anger of God, that he didn't contemplate it essential that phrase, consequently he was tossed into Hell thanks to it is the phrase ". [Bukhari]

So as a result of it had been therefore difficult to sustain spoke, Rosulullah sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam once said:

عن سهل بن سعد قال: قال رسول الله: من يضمن لي ما بين لحييه و ما بين رجليه أضمن له الجنة

"From Sahl bin Sa'd Allaah 'anhu, he said: Rosulullah sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said:" Whoever ensures me (safety) what's in between the 2 mouth (ie verbal), and what is between her feet (ie cock), then I assurance him Heaven ". [Bukhari and Muslim]

Imam Nawawi said: "Know, that backbiting is at most serious a foul component, and backbiting is that the ugliness of the foremost propagate in individuals, therefore there have been no heirs of this backbiting however solely a couple of people" [6]

Imam Shafi'i said:

الذم ليس بغيبة في ستة متظلم و معرف و محذر
و لمظهر فسقا و مستفت ومن طلب الإعانة في إزالة منكر

"Take correct sensible the individuals O lisanmu
Do lisanmu to pain you, truly he's sort of a snake
How many population of the burial plot who was murdered by his verbal
And once the people are frightened to satisfy her courageous "

Backbiting is allowed
Shaikh Salim al-Hilali said: "Know that backbiting is allowable for the proper objective, the suitable Shari'ah, the target might not be acquired unless the backbiting that". [7]

Things that permit backbiting that there are six (as described by An-Nawawi in al-Adzkar), as included in a very poem:

الذم ليس بغيبة في ستة متظلم و معرف و محذر
و لمظهر فسقا و مستفت ومن طلب الإعانة في إزالة منكر

"Reproach isn't backbiting in six teams
Complainant, the individual who presented, and people who warn
And against people who expose the criminal crime, and also the fatwa requester
And people who look for facilitate to get rid of kemungkaran "

First: grievance
Then it's allowable for the individual who taken advantage of reported to the sultan (ruler) or the assess and others, who have the energy and capability to require legal action against people who tormented him. Then he (may) says: "The therefore and therefore has harassed me therefore and so". The confirmation for the phrase of God:

لا يحب الله الجهر بالسوء إلا من ظلم

"Allah doesn't like unhealthy terms (spoken) by freely except by people who dianiyaya". [An-Nisa ': 148].

Exceptions included during this sentence gift that didzholimi mengghibahi bolehnya people who mendzoliminya, to explain parts to people regarding the disfavor that has been knowledgeable from the people who mendzoliminya, and he was increasing his speech with it and menampakkannya in individuals collecting locations. Same component if he nampakkan to people who are necessary to assist them to him, or he nampakkan to people that he doesn't anticipate facilitate from them. [8]

Second: raise for facilitate to switch munkar And returning To Reality people disobedience.
Then somebody (should) advice people who predicted the potential to get rid of kemungkaran: "The therefore and therefore has done this, then quit him from the offense" which in others. and will the target is as a technique for take away kemungkaran, if his objective isn't the state of affairs then it's haram.

Third: raise for Fatwa.
For example, somebody said to a mufti: "My dad has done dzolim me", or "brother, or partner, or the therefore and therefore has mendzolimiku, whether or not the phrase he got?, and the way the reply of this, therefore am i able to get my privileges and avoid of tyranny? ", and also the semisalnya. however a additional cautious and higher is he ought to say (to the mufti): "What does one rely on a individual or a partner who has done therefore ..". therefore during this method the target are often acquired while not bearing on a selected individual, however said people ought to, as within the hadith tertentupun Back.

عن عائشة قالت: قالت هند امرأة أبي سفيان للنبي: إن أبا سفيان رجل شحيح وليس يعطيني ما يكفيني وولدي إلا ما أخذت منه وهو لا يعلم, قال: خذي ما يكفيك وولدك بالمعروف

"From 'Aisha said: Back, the spouse of Abu Sofyan, said to the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam:" Verily, Abu Sufyan, a stingy and not providing enough buying on behalf of me and for my youngsters, unless I take while not his understanding ". Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said: "Take what's adequate for you and for your youngsters in a very glorious way" (not an excessive amount of and not too little) "[9]

Fourth: The Muslims Tell you of ugliness.
This include: Jarh wa ta'dil (censure and reward to someone) that has been done by the Ahlul Hadeeth. They postulated a contract regarding bolehnya, even involve this. thanks to the Salaf of this Ummah invariably menjarh (criticize) the people who are entitled to it, if you wish to sustain the reliability of the shari'ah. As concept of Ahl-ul-Hadith: "The therefore and therefore could be a liar", "The therefore and therefore vulnerable on occasion", "The hadith munkarul therefore and so", and others. [10]

Another example is when a individual mengghibahi assessment to look for help. And why not with menta'yin (mentioned clearly) the individual who dighibahi. The confirmation, because the hadith of Fatimah.

عن فاطمة بنت قيس قالت: أتيت النبي فقلت: إن أبا الجهم و معاوية خطبان, فقال رسول الله: أما معاوية فصعلوك لا مال له. وأما أبوا الجهم فلا يضع العصا عن عاتقه. (وفي رواية لمسلم: وأما أبوا الجهم فضراب للنساء)

"Fatimah bint Qois said:" I came to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and said: "Abu Mu'awiyah Jahm and woo me." therefore the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said: "As for Mu'awiyah then he's a foul man as for the Abul Jahm he never split his keep over his get ". (Bukhari and Muslim). And in another narration in Islamic (no 1480): "As he Abul Jahm bouncy females (his wives)". [11]

Fifth: To the individual backbiting is allowable obvious wickedness appears to be Or Kebid'ahannya.
As one who freely consumed khamer, obtaining individuals home with dzolim, and therefore forth. Then approved post the ugliness, ugliness. The evidence:

عن عائشة أن رجلا استأذن على النبي فقال ائذنوا له, بئس أخوا العشيرة

"'Aisha said:" somebody came up to raise idzin Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, then the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said: "Izinkankanlah it, he's as unhealthy, wicked people within the center of his people". [12]

However diharomkan discuss another shame-shame that he didn't nampakkan, unless there are different factors to permit it. [13]

Sixth: To unleash.
If somebody well-known with a laqob (title) like Al-A'masy (the myopic) or Al-A'roj (the lame) or Al-A'ma (the blind) which in others, it's allowable to be described. And diharomkan discuss it if you wish to use. As if there are different recommendations on {how to|the method to|a way to} determine them (no would like post their disability) it's a more robust way.

CAUTION
Shaikh Salim al-Hilali said:
A. Bolehnya ghibah for the weather higher than are the subsequent lawful (not lawful origin), then if it had been missing 'illatnya (causes that permit backbiting-pent), then came back to the lawful legislation of beginning, that's bogus backbiting.

2. Permissibility of backbiting is thanks to an crisis. so backbiting is calculated consistent with its dimension (only as needed-pent). Then it mustn't stretch to different styles of the higher than (backbiting is allowed). Even people who get this crisis (so he was approved ghibah-pent) ought to be dedicated to God, and let him become one amongst people who transgress. [14]

Maraji ':
A. The Publication of As-SAMT, Ibn Abi Dunya tahqiq Shaikh Abu Ishaq al-Huwainy
2. Sharh Riadlus Solihin, the perform of Shaykh Uthaymeen, Amount 1, component Repentance
3. Taisir Karimir Rohman, the perform of Shaykh Nasir As-Sa'di
4. Bahjatun Nadzirin Sharh Riadlus Sholihin, Karya Sheikh Salim bin 'Eid Al-Hilaly, Amount 3
5. Tafsir Ibn Kathir, vol 4, the decryption of Al-Hujurot
6. Al-Mukhtar Al-Muntaqo Min Kitab Al-Adzkar (Nawawi), by Muhammad Ali As-Shobuni, chapter tahrimul ghibah
7. Tuhfatul Ahwadzi
8. Kitabuz ascetic, the perform of Imam Waki ​​'ibn Jarroh, tahqiq Abdul Jabbar Al-Fariwai, Amount 3
9. Subulus Salam, As-Shon'ani performs, vol four chapter Tarheeb min masawiil morals.
10. Taudlihul Ahkam, by Sheikh Ali Bassam, Amount 6
11. Hajrul Mubtadi ', the perform of Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd

Copied from newspapers Sunnah V/1422/2001M 07/Tahun Version. Marketers Groundwork Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo-Solo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo fifty seven 183 Tel. 0271-7574821]
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Footnote
[1]. Bahjatun Nadzirin 3/29, 30
[2]. Record At-Tirmidhi 1931 and Ahmad 6/450, said Shaikh Salim al-Hilali: "Shohih or hasan"
[3]. Sharh Riyadlus Sholihin 1/78) (The hadith was approved by Ibn Abi al-Dunya in it Shomt No. 291, Shaikh Abu Ishaq said: "Maudlu '", As-Subki said: "In this hadith there perowi sanad that would not be confirmation, and also the pointers of fiqh has declined (the contents) of this hadith, as a result of it's backbiting (related) individuals privileges, it can't tumble unless the cut loose, therefore he (the pengghibah) ought to raise penghalalan / perelaan of the dighibahi. however if that dighibahi deceased and may not be integrated (penghalalan raise for it), then some faculty students say: "He (the pengghibah) pleaded forgiveness for the dighibahi"
[4]. Tafseer Ibn Katheer, 4/276
[5]. Record Tirmidhi 2004, Ahmad (2/291, 292), and others. Shaikh Salim al-Hilali said: "hasan isnad"
[6]. Tuhfatul Ahwadzi the sixty three
[7]. Bahjatun Nadzirin 3/33.
[8]. These are the terms of As-Syaukani. however this can be problematic by Shaikh Salim, particularly that this passage (An-Nisa '148) revealed solely approved people demeaning people didzolimi mendzoliminya if front facet of that individual. The mengghibahnya (reproach before men, not in front) then this could not be as in distinction to sentence twelve and Al-Hujurot hadiths that clearly forbids backbiting shohih. thanks to backbiting is allowable given that the dhorurot. (Bahjatun Nadzirin 3/36, 37
[9]. Record Bukhari in Al-Fath 9/504, 507, and by Islamic, 1714)
[10]. As is finished when it had been listed by the Salaf people alerts of the issues of the Ahl-ul-bid'ah, Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said regarding involve help for the outline of Islam and also the Muslims fix: "As the monks kebid'ahan that's, people who say the terms that change from the Publication and also the Sunnah, or who have dedicated functions of praise are deviated from the Publication and also the Sunnah, then describe their state of affairs and notify the people of (danger) they're necessary by the contract of the Muslims. till Imam Ahmad was asked:. "A man of occurring a quick and prayer and beri'tikaf additional you prefer or discuss (ugliness) Ahl-ul-bid'ah (the additional you like)". therefore he replied: "If a person was wishing and then it i'tikaf (kemanfaaatannya) is for himself, and if he is bearing on (ugliness) Ahl-ul-bid'ah then this can be for the Muslims, then this (talking a couple of unwell of Ahl-ul-bid'ah) is healthier. "Then Imam Ahmad has created it further normal that this (talk regarding Ahl-ul-bid'ah) community advantage for the Muslims in their belief and contains jihad fi sabilillah and in his belief and his manhaj and shari'ah ' at him. And decline harshness and violence on the Ahl-ul-bid'ah kifayah it's compulsory to all or any the Muslims. albeit it weren't for the people God has upheld for the Ahl-ul-bid'ah kemudhorotan take away this, it'll be broken this belief, the hurt was additional serious than the hurt (arising) from the opponents of the Ahl-ul-controlled
harbi (disbelievers who attack-pent). as a result of the opponents aren't damaging the liver organ and belief (already embedded) within the liver organ however solely the latter. Whereas the Ahl-ul-bid'ah they hurt the liver organ from the beginning. (Al-Fatawa 26/131, 232, see Hajrul Mubtadi 'case 9)
[11]. And this can be an decryption of history (he never discarding of his keep from his shoulder
[12]. Bukhari and Islamic history No. 2591), As-Syaukani described that this concept isn't acceptable to permit people who revealed menggibahi wickedness. as a result of language (he is therefore mean, unpleasant people within the center of his people) came from the Prophet r, backbiting if this can be actual then mustn't we tend to adhere to it for God and also the Prophet r has banned backbiting in several hadiths. and since we tend to don't apprehend the characteristics and substance of this state of affairs. And also, the person described by the Prophet r was solely doing it dzohir Islam, whereas the state of affairs was still shaken and no notice of lack of understanding on her. (A larger description see Bahjatun Nadzirin 3/46
[13]. Bahjatun Nadzirin 3/35). As-Syaukani explain: If the target described abominations dzolim people who do that to notify people of risk, it's been joined in it all. And if the target is to look for facilitate if you wish to get rid of kemungkaran, then the appliance has joined the second side. making this the fifth side of a individual space isn't quite right. (Bahjatun Nadzirin 3/45, 46
[14]. Bahjatun Nadzirin 4/35, 36

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