Abu Nida `Chomsaha Sofwan
In the Al Qur `an, Allah has enables Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa salllam with a lot of advantage. Among other factors, God enables his sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam as one who really wants individuals of trust and answer, and another very nurturing whim towards the followers. One way of efficiency he wishes for his individuals n the powerful and excellent trust is, he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam cautioned his individuals of all indicates which may cause to shirk, and to turn all loopholes that could cause to shirk. He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam really hard and organization on the concern of shirk. Actually, worry is regarded distressed the risk of break free, it is also about Shirk described when he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was nearing dying sakaratul periods.
One of the resources and breaks that could cause to shirk, that is to reward Allah at the plots of the righteous. This act has become a event that has lengthy endured, and even become a addiction most of the Muslims in this nation. Actually, no more reward God on the plots of the righteous, but had to offer the individuals who enjoy shalh plots. Graves of righteous individuals or locations that are apparently righteous individuals frequented the funeral plot website, and then execute a wide range of spiritual solutions on its area, like: hope, hope, study Qur'an al, circumambulate, charitable organisation and so forth.
Yet from the hadiths of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, can be known, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam was a very challenging position against those who reward God in the plots of the righteous. If you reward God on the area of the funeral plot alone, he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was challenging, it would be even more complicated if to offer the citizens of the funeral plot.
Here are the hadiths about the ban:
A. Read in Saheeh Bukhari and Saheeh Islamic, from 'Aisha Allaah' anha, that Umm Salamah Allaah 'anha (one of the spouse of the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam) informed the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam about church-rupaka rupaka in the seen in the Situation Habashah (Ethiopia). Then the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:
أولئك إذا مات فيهم الرجل الصالح أو العبد الصالح; بنوا على قبره مسجدا وصوروا فيه تلك الصور, أولئك شرار الخلق عند الله
"They were, if there is a righteous person-or-die righteous servants among them, they got up on his funeral plot a position of reward, and they create it in their pictures: they are the toughest animals in the look of God .
Word of his sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam "they are the toughest animals in the look of God" displays bogus develop mosques in the graveyard, and the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam cursed the individuals who do just that. The act is a indicates that causes kufr and shirk, which is actually the biggest kezhaliman.
Al Baidhawi said: "When Jews and Honest flat to the plots of the prophets with the objective of glorifying their levels, and create these plots as the center, which they experience in prayer, and creating them as idols, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam cursed them ".
Imam al-Qurtubi said: "At first, types develop the pictures so that they can create it as a excellent example and storage of their righteous actions, so as to have the same severity as they pray; therefore, they reward God in area of their plots. Then after they passed away, there came the technology that does not have adequate understanding of the belief, so do not comprehend the purpose of their predecessors; and devil had them to announce, that types had actually rupaka-rupaka reward and reward it. Therefore, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam forbade them to protect the factors that can cause to such activities. "
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah may Allaah have whim say, "(They are said to be the toughest creatures), as well as mixes of two libel. Ie worshiping funeral plot slander by making a brow on it and slander create pictures. "They known as slander, because flipping individuals away from belief.
Rahimahullah He also said, "This is what the Prophet used sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam as an justification to ban developing mosques over plots, because it has a lot of people stepped the past, well into significant shirk or polytheism of the light . Many individuals usually shirk on the righteous statues and statues that they consider that it is a body art collections from the celebrities, and other identical celebrities. This happens, for doing shirk by worshiping plots are regarded to keshalihannya more sensed in the center, rather than doing shirk by worshiping plants or stones.
Hence also, you get professional on the funeral plot shirk asked for forgiveness with excellent earnestness, and perceptions fervently give up, and reward him with all my center, but it did not reward as they once did in the homes of God, or in the nighttime before beginning. Among them there is a bow to the tomb. When the wishes and hope on the tombs, most of them anticipate a advantage, that they never predicted when he was in the mosques.
Because of these activities can cause harm, then without uncertainty, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam deteriorate it. To the level that he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam forbade prayer at the graveyard in total, even if individuals do not anticipate a advantage with the objective of the position as he predicted when wishing in the mosque. In the same way, he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam forbade his supporters to hope at beginning and sundown, because the periods they are used by the Pagans to reward the sun. Therefore, he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam forbade his individuals to hope at periods, although they do not have the same objectives with the objectives of the mushrikeen previously. This is an attempt, he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam close off the breaks to shirk.
But when a individual wishing at the funeral plot with the objective to get the advantage through prayer at the funeral plot area, it is clearly an mind-set risky to God and His Messenger, breaking the guidelines of their belief, create something in the belief that God never allow. The Muslims have been decided by agreement, that among the essential issues of belief, ie understanding that the wishes at the graveyard is suspended. And the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam cursed the performing of the plots as mosques. Therefore, in the act of creating it up (bid'ah) and is the biggest causes of shirk is wishing at the graveside and mengfungsikannya as a mosque, and develop mosques on it. The text messages of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam which prohibits it, and highly cautioned the root cause is so huge and mutawatir. The whole individuals is clearly and coldly prohibit to develop mosques on it, because they adhere to the genuine sunnah and sharih (obviously).
The college students supporters of Imam Ahmad and other college students, the supporters of Imam Malik and Imam Shafi'i, clearly prohibits such activities. There is also conditions, it is an act of makruh, but should carry significance to karahah at Tahrim (makruh prohibition is indicated) as a indication of either suppose to the college students who maintain this, so they are not expected to allow mutawatir functions suspended by the Messenger of Allaah alaihi wa sallam and he cursed the criminals. "
2. Bukhari and Islamic narrated from 'A'ishah Allaah' anha, that she once said: When the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was about to take his life, he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam was instantly put her towel over her experience, and he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is start again when the towel was oppressive. When under such conditions, he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said,
لعنة الله على اليهود والنصارى, اتخذوا قبور أنبيائهم مساجد
"May Allah problem triggered upon the Jews and the Honest, they created the funeral plot their prophets as spiritual structures (mosque)".
He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said that as he contacted his dying, to tell you his individuals of their activities (Jews and Christians) it. Were it not for the caution he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is, certainly funeral plot he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam would be revealed: it's just that he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam worry, if (his grave) will offer as a position of reward. "
Shaykh Salih Alu ash Shaykh describes, there are three varieties created the funeral plot as a position of reward.
First: Making the graveyard as a position of prostration. Forms can best be comprehended from the terms 'they created the funeral plot as a mosque' is, create the tomb as a mosque. That is the position to hope and flat themselves on it. So this is obviously a very risky device, and who provided the most destructive to the existing ghuluw to shirk and funeral plot.
Second: Prayer to the funeral plot. Meaning creating plots as mosques in this type, the individual wishing before side of the graveyard by creating it as the center. With cures, he has created his funeral plot as a degrading and embarrassing him.
The mosque here is no more just about the place-lay flat on the ground-brow, but this implies a position to minimize and embarrass yourself. They created the tombs of the prophets as a mosque, that is, create it a paradise. Therefore, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam forbade prayer to the funeral plot, because it is one method for the mind-set of respect funeral plot.
Three: Making the plots are in the developing, and the developing was the mosque. If the funeral was of a prophet, then they create the structures on it. They then created around the funeral plot as a mosque and create it as a position of reward and prayer.
The terms of 'A'isha that' he cautioned (his people) of their actions (Jews and Christians) ', then in it there are hints that are the cause. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, who was in conditions of dying inhale and exhale, cursed the Jews and the Honest in this hadith. He sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam desired to tell you his associates not to go by the two actions of the Publication is. And ternyatalah them, the associates, get a caution he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and he will exercise sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam.
Then the phrase 'Aisha' and were it not for that, absolutely he unveiled funeral plot '. That is, if not for the funeral service and the funeral plot concerns that he n he created the mosque by his supporters as Jews and Honest, certainly funeral plot he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam is outside his home, next to the plots of the associates in Baqi or otherwise. Moreover to these factors, there are also other factors, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, as provided by Abu Bakr Allaah' anhu:
إن الأنبياء يقبرون حيث يقبضون
"Verily, the prophets were invisible where they diwafatkan".
The Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has comprehended, that he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam passed away in the home 'Aisha.
Then the terms of 'A'isha next' it's just that he was concerned about (the grave) will offer as a position of reward ', there are two record.
Based on the record first, then the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam himself stressing about it, so he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam informed his individuals to hide him in a position he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam passed away. While using the record of both, then possibilities are that concerned about it is its companion. That is, they worry it happens to most individuals so they would not expose the funeral plot of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, for worry of Muslims and too overstated to glorify the funeral plot he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam if unveiled.
Imam al-Qurtubi said, "Therefore, the Muslims did all possible to turn the street that causes the conspiracy of the funeral plot of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam by increasing the surfaces of the world and turn the gates into the surfaces around him to create his funeral plot. They were frightened if the place of his funeral plot n be a paradise for individuals who do so as if wishing that prayer experiencing him is a way of reward. Therefore, they then develop two surfaces of two tombs south part, and redirect them to satisfy at an position that varieties a triangular from the northern so as not to allow anyone to deal with him toward the funeral plot. "
3. Read by Islamic from Jundub Allaah ibn Abdullah 'anhu, he said: "I observed that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam had said five times before he passed away, 'Truly I announce my allegiance to God by doubting, that I have a associate (noble sweetheart ) among you, because God has created me as a associate. If I had created a associate of my individuals, absolutely I will create Abu Bakr as a associate. Know that actual individuals years before you have created the funeral plot their prophets as spiritual structures, so do you all create the tomb as a position of reward, because I prohibit you actually do the title. '"
Al Khalili said: "The refusal of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam of their activities can be regarded in two descriptions. First, they bowed to the funeral plot of the prophet to glorify the messenger of Allah. Second, they may indeed consider wishing at the plots of the prophets and experiencing toward when wishing, because they perspective it as a way of reward to God and a expression of the mind-set which is the exaltation of the prophet.
The first significance is jaliy shirk (shirk a extra ordinary form). While the second significance is khafiy shirk (shirk a invisible form). Therefore, they are entitled to to be darned. "
Shaykh Salih Alu ash Shaykh said, "The linkage of this hadith with the issues of severe mind-set of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, is he sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam created unacceptable tombs of the prophets and righteous individuals as a mosque (place of worship), though it may be the who did reward only God. That is, because such activities are among the indicates that causes significant shirk. Set out in the guidelines of the Shari'a and has been decided by the Muhaqqiq, that shut the entrance (gap) that causes shirk and to act unacceptable is compulsory, because the Shari'a came to protect the key details of illegal functions and to turn the breaks him. So that should protect every entrance from the gates of shirk to Allah. In between are the gates, creating the tombs of the prophets and righteous individuals as a mosque. Therefore it is not legal to do wishes in the mosque that was designed over his funeral plot because it declines the prohibition of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has unacceptable, but those individuals do it, but the ban he was attracted to a position of prayer so that prayer was created zero and avoid. So, individuals who hope in the mosque that was designed over his funeral plot, then his prayer is nullified, incorrect using the terms of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam' know, do not you create plots as mosques', that is, by making a mosque on it and hope in the place , 'because really I prohibit you from it'.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah may Allaah have whim say, "The Messenger of n, (on) before the end of his life (as described in the hadith Jundub) has suspended his individuals to create the funeral plot as a position of reward. Then, when conditions was about to take his life, as in the hadeeth of 'Aisha, he cursed the individual who did the title. Prayer around the plots provided also in the feeling of creating the graveyard as a position of reward, although not develop it. This is the significance of terms Ayesha 'feared would be used as a position of worship', because the associates had never designed a mosque (place of worship) around the funeral plot, he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam. Yet every position that used to execute the prayer in it, that indicates it's used as a mosque; even any position used as a mosque known as for wishes that have been spoke by the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam: "Having created this soil for me as a mosque and as a indicates cleansing. ".
In conclusion: Prayer in the graveyard should not, be it prayer experiencing him, or hope in a position close by for those anticipating a advantage, or does not anticipate his advantage, but only hope nafilah (besides wishing corpse). All is prohibited. Both in the graveyard there are structures, like mosques, or not developing on it, then hope on it should not be set.
In the Sahih Al Bukhari, there is a hadith that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, "Make of your wishes were performed in your homes, and not in the funeral plot." Is also described in Sahih al Bukhari in his language to Umar' anhu when he saw a individuals wishing near a funeral plot 'grave, grave', he recommended, keep away from the funeral plot, keep away from the funeral plot. It displays, hope at the funeral plot is prohibited, as presenting shirk. Even more intense if the tombs were designed structures, and creating the structures around the funeral plot as a mosque for wishes, wishing, examining al Qur'an, and semisalnya.
A. Fath al-Majeed Sharh at the Publication of Tawheed.
2. At Tamhid li Syarhi Publication at Tawheed, by Shaykh Salih Sheikh Alu.
3. Al qaul al Mufid, Amount I, by Shaykh Muhammad Salih al Uthaymeen.
[Copied from As-Sunnah journal IX/1426H/2005M 10/Tahun Version. Groundwork released Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Single - Single Gondangrejo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton 57 183 Tel. 0271-761016]