Monday, 20 February 2012

Authorized Shell

By
Ustadz Kholid Syamhudi


UNDERSTANDING shell.
Carcasses in the sphere of Arabic called Al Mayyitah. Importance, namely with the aim of died with no being slaughtered [1] Meanwhile, according to the understanding sharia scholars, Al Mayyitah (carcass) is an being with the aim of died with no slaughtering syar'i, by turns itself rancid in lieu of rebuff soul intervention. And every now and then for the reason that of soul measures, if passed available not in the sphere of accordance with the way the slaughter is permissible [2].

As a consequence the definition of the shell includes:
[A]. Who died with no being slaughtered, in the same way as sheep with the aim of died on your own.
[B]. Slaughtered by slaughter syar'i not, like a slaughtered goat Pagans
[C]. Are not to befall halal slaughter, like a pig being slaughtered according to Muslim slaughter syar'i conditions. [3]

The scholars argue, a part of the body (flesh) is decrease from the being is still alive, into the kind of the shell, with the main lexis of Rasululloh sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam

AOC ÞõØöÚó ãöäú ÇáúÈóåöíãóÉö æóåöíó ÍóíøóÉñ ÝóãóÇ ÞõØöÚó ãöäúåóÇ Ýóåõæó ãóíúÊóÉñ

"It income: All are decrease from the being in the sphere of a state of living is dead" [4] as a consequence the same law with the law shell.

Impure shell.
Prearranged the state of being carcasses, at that time alienated into three parts:

[1]. Which is clear of the skin, such in the same way as feathers and body hair, and the like.
The order does not despoiled holy [5], based on the word of God:

"Which income: And (also maketh) of fur, buff body hair and goat body hair, household appliances and jewelry (which you use) until the phase of (certain)" [al-Nahl: 80]

This verse is broad-spectrum, which includes the animals slaughtered and butchered. God additionally gave this verse to explain the gift of His servants who demonstrated its halal status. [6]

[2]. The bed of the skin such in the same way as meat and fat.
The order impure by ijma '[7] and can not befall purified with bronzed [8]. Based on the word of Allah Ta'ala.

"It income: Say:" Nor I follow in the sphere of the revelation revealed to me, things with the aim of are forbidden in lieu of community who mean to munch it, if not it befall carrion, or else blood poured forth or else the flesh of rat - in lieu of with the aim of verily it is muted - or else an being slaughtered in the sphere of the big name of other than God ". [Al-An` am: 145]

Disqualified in the sphere of this task, with the aim of is.

[A]. Done with fish and locusts, are based on the lexis of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.

ÃõÍöáøóÊú áóßõãú ãóíúÊóÊóÇäö æóÏóãóÇäö ÝóÃóãøóÇ ÇáúãóíúÊóÊóÇäö ÝóÇáúÍõæÊõ æóÇáúÌóÑóÇÏõ æóÃóãøóÇ ÇáÏøóãóÇäö ÝóÇáúßóÈöÏõ æóÇáØøöÍóÇáõ

"It income: Permitted bagu you two done with and two of blood. The two done with are fish and locusts. While two of blood is the liver (liver) and the malice. [Ibn Majah HR rebuff. 3314 and Sheikh Al Albani dishohihkan in the sphere of extraction Al ahadith al Shohihah rebuff.1118]

[B]. Carcasses of animals with the aim of perform not be inflicted with blood flowing like flies, bees, ants and the like, based on the lexis of Rasululloh sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.

ÅöÐóÇ æóÞóÚó ÇáÐøõÈóÇÈõ Yoi ÔóÑóÇÈö ÃóÍóÏößõãú ÝóáúíóÛúãöÓúåõ Ëõãøó áöíóäúÒöÚúåõ ÝóÅöäøó Yoi ÅöÍúÏóì ÌóäóÇÍóíúåö ÏóÇÁð æóÇáúÃõÎúÑóì ÔöÝóÇÁð

"It income: If a flutter landed on lone of your drinks, at that time he ought to drown him and at that time toss it away, for the reason that, on lone of the two wings be inflicted with the disease and the (wing) to an alternative (there is) medicine (antidote)" [Al-Bukhari, rebuff HR . 3320]

[C]. Bones, horns and nails shell. These are all described in the same way as holy Imam Al Bukhari from al-Zuhri going on for the done with bone, such in the same way as elephants and others, with the sanad mu'allaq in the sphere of shohih Al Bukhari (1/342).

Imam Al-Zuhri whispered: "I've met various community from using it in the same way as the Salaf and greasy get knots out of with him, they allow him" [9]

[D]. Bodies of men with main word Rasululloh sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.

ÓõÈúÍóÇäó Çááøóåö Åöäøó ÇáúãõÓúáöãó AOC íóäúÌõÓõ

"Which income: Verily Allah loud of a Muslim saint was not defiled" [Reported by al-Bukhari]

Majduddin Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah whispered: "(definition) is in the main covers the living and the done with.". Imam Al-Bukhari whispered: Ibn Abbas whispered: "A Muslim is not impure, either alive or else afterward death" Imam Al-Bukhari additionally create a section in the sphere of Sahih Bukhari, which is the section with the aim of explains with the aim of Muslims were not impure. [10]

The body of the unbelievers dispute going on for holiness. The rojih, the view of the majority of scholars who obtain inviolability, based on the permissibility of marrying a woman Ahlu tome 'but it certainly willpower occur into get in touch with and TIDA inevitable, especially once having intercourse. The word of God:

"Meaning: O ye who believe, verily folks who Pagans are unclean" [At-Tawbah: 28]. So, at this time for the reason that of trust impure and muted they are. And Allaah knows greatest.

[3]. Skin.
Law to tag on the law impure shell. If the shell of the being is sacred and holy kulitnyapun once the impure, the impure kulitnyapun. Amongst examples are the fish on the basis of the holy word of God.

"It income: The sea is made lawful in lieu of you hunted animals and food (derived) from the sea in the same way as a delicious food in lieu of you" [Al-Maidah: 96]

Ibn Abbas whispered: 'shoydul Bahri "was taken alive and" wa tho'amuhu "is taken done with. So with the aim of the skin was sacred [11]

Authorized scavenging.
Islamic Shari'a has been forbidden to munch carrion. Main prevention is done with, near in the sphere of the Qur'an and Sunnah.

Shell prevention in the sphere of the Qur'an in the sphere of several verses, amongst others.

Word of God:

"It income: He hath just forbidden you carrion, blood, pork, and animals (which once slaughtered) is called (name) bar Allah" [Al Baqarah: 173]

"This income with the aim of: Forbidden to you (take) carrion, blood, pork, (meat animals) are slaughtered in the sphere of the big name of other than Allah, the strangled, which was winner, a fall, a headlong, which killed the beast, but with the aim of may well slaughter you '[ Al Maidah: 3]

"It income: Say:" Nor I follow in the sphere of the revelation revealed to me, things with the aim of are forbidden in lieu of community who mean to munch it, if not it befall carrion, or else blood poured forth or else the flesh of rat - in lieu of with the aim of verily it is muted - or else an being slaughtered in the sphere of the big name of other than God ". [Al-An `am: 145]

In the same way as in the sphere of the Sunnah Rasululloh, Allaah is the hadeeth of Ibn Abas' anhuma he whispered.

ÆóÌóÏó ÇáäøóÈöíøõ Õóáøóì Çááøóåõ Úóáóíúåö æóÓóáøóãó ÔóÇÉð ãóíøöÊóÉð ÃõÚúØöíóÊúåóÇ ãóæúáóÇÉñ áöãóíúãõæäóÉó ãöäú ÇáÕøóÏóÞóÉö ÝóÞóÇáó ÇáäøóÈöíøõ Õóáøóì Çááøóåõ Úóáóíúåö æóÓóáøóãó åóáøóÇ ÇäúÊóÝóÚúÊõãú ÈöÌöáúÏöåóÇ ÞóÇáõæÇ ÅöäøóåóÇ ãóíúÊóÉñ ÞóÇáó ÅöäøóãóÇ ÍóÑõãó ÃóßúáõåóÇ

"Meaning: The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam found a done with goat from shodaqah prearranged to Maula (former slaves) and Maimunah's Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam whispered:" Why perform not you take help of their skin ". They replied. "It is dead". He whispered: "The just forbidden to eat" [Agreed upon]

Therefore, the Muslims agreed on the prevention of intake the shell in the sphere of a state of emergency. [12]

Is lawful OF BAGKAI
All laws applicable to scavenging on carcasses of all but two types.

[1]. Carcasses of aquatic animals.
Based on the word of God.

"It income: The sea is made lawful in lieu of you hunted animals and food (derived) from the sea in the same way as a delicious food in lieu of you" [Al-Maidah: 96]

And the word Rasululloh sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in the sphere of the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah with the aim of reads.

ÓóÃóáó ÑóÌõáñ ÑóÓõæáó Çááøóåö Õóáøóì Çááøóåõ Úóáóíúåö æóÓóáøóãó ÝóÞóÇáó IOC ÑóÓõæáó Çááøóåö ÅöäøóÇ äóÑúßóÈõ ÇáúÈóÍúÑó æóäóÍúãöáõ ãóÚóäóÇ ÇáúÞóáöíáó ãöäú ÇáúãóÇÁö ÝóÅöäú ÊóæóÖøóÃúäóÇ Èöåö ÚóØöÔúäóÇ ÃóÝóäóÊóæóÖøóÃõ ãöäú ãóÇÁö ÇáúÈóÍúÑö ÝóÞóÇáó ÑóÓõæáõ Çááøóåö Õóáøóì Çááøóåõ Úóáóíúåö æóÓóáøóãó åõæó ÇáØøóåõæÑõ ãóÇÄõåõ ÇáúÍöáøõ ãóíúÊóÊõåõ

"Meaning: A person asked the envoy searaya whispered:" O Rasululloh! We sailed the seas and clutch just a miniature hose. If we go ablutions with it (the water), at that time we are thirsty. Whether we ought to go ablution with sea hose? "Rasululloh alaihi was Allam whispered:" The sea hose is real and halal carcasses "[Sunan Al Arba'ah HR, and Ibn Ibn Khuzaimah Hibban and dishohihkan Al Albaani in the sphere of al-Irwa 'no.9 and al-ahadith al Shohihah pedigree rebuff. 480]

Additionally word Rasululloh sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam

ÃõÍöáøóÊú áóßõãú ãóíúÊóÊóÇäö æóÏóãóÇäö ÝóÃóãøóÇ ÇáúãóíúÊóÊóÇäö ÝóÇáúÍõæÊõ æóÇáúÌóÑóÇÏõ æóÃóãøóÇ ÇáÏøóãóÇäö ÝóÇáúßóÈöÏõ æóÇáØøöÍóÇáõ

"It income: Permitted to you two done with and two of blood. The two done with are fish and locusts. While two of blood is the liver (liver) and malice "

This is deep-rooted by the comport yourself Rasululloh sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and his companions to munch the done with fish were found on the beach, Jabir described in the sphere of his statement.

ÛóÒóæúäóÇ ÌóíúÔó ÇáúÎóÈóØö æóÃõãøöÑó ÃóÈõæ ÚõÈóíúÏóÉó ÝóÌõÚúäóÇ ÌõæÚðÇ ÔóÏöíÏðÇ ÝóÃóáúÞóì ÇáúÈóÍúÑõ ÍõæÊðÇ ãóíøöÊðÇ áóãú Aono ãöËúáóåõ íõÞóÇáõ áóåõ ÇáúÚóäúÈóÑõ ÝóÃóßóáúäóÇ ãöäúåõ äöÕúÝó ÔóåúÑò ÝóÃóÎóÐó ÃóÈõæ ÚõÈóíúÏóÉó ÚóÙúãðÇ ãöäú ÚöÙóÇãöåö ÝóãóÑøó ÇáÑøóÇßöÈõ ÊóÍúÊóåõ ÝóáóãøóÇ ÞóÏöãúäóÇ ÇáúãóÏöíäóÉó ÐóßóÑúäóÇ Ðóáößó áöáäøóÈöíøö Õóáøóì Çááøóåõ Úóáóíúåö æóÓóáøóãó ÝóÞóÇáó ßõáõæÇ ÑöÒúÞðÇ ÃóÎúÑóÌóåõ Çááøóåõ ÃóØúÚöãõæäóÇ Åöäú ßóÇäó ãóÚóßõãú ÝóÃóÊóÇåõ ÈóÚúÖõåõãú ÝóÃóßóáóåõ

"It income: We fought the forces of Al Khobath [13] And with the aim of became amir (chief) is Abu Ubaidah, and we feel very hungry. Suddenly the sea of ​​tossing done with fish with the aim of we by no means look by it, the fish called Al-Anbar (whale). We additionally ate fish in lieu of partly a month. At that time Abu Ubaidah affix lone bone, at that time the drive can pass underneath. Once he reached Medina, we submit the topic to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, and he whispered: Munch! Rizki which God gave it. Bequeath us to munch once (now) is still near with you ". At that time various of them tender and he sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam munch "[Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim]

[2]. Grasshopper.
Based on the hadith of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam which reads.

ÃõÍöáøóÊú áóßõãú ãóíúÊóÊóÇäö æóÏóãóÇäö ÝóÃóãøóÇ ÇáúãóíúÊóÊóÇäö ÝóÇáúÍõæÊõ æóÇáúÌóÑóÇÏõ æóÃóãøóÇ ÇáÏøóãóÇäö ÝóÇáúßóÈöÏõ æóÇáØøöÍóÇáõ

"It income: Permitted to you two done with and two of blood. The two done with are fish and locusts. While two of blood is the liver (liver) and malice "

This additionally supported by deeds Rasululloh sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam and his companions who ate locusts in the same way as narrated Abdullah bin Abi' Aufa.

ÛóÒóæúäóÇ ãóÚó ÇáäøóÈöíøö Õóáøóì Çááøóåõ Úóáóíúåö æóÓóáøóãó ÓóÈúÚó ÛóÒóæóÇÊò Ãóæú ÓöÊøðÇ ßõäøóÇ äóÃúßõáõ ãóÚóåõ ÇáúÌóÑóÇÏó

"It income: We're by war with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in the sphere of seven or else six wars. We munch locusts with him "[Reported by al Jama'ah bar Ibn Majah]

Similarly, the scholars agreed to allow intake grasshoppers.

Promotion LAW shell
Islamic law forbids promotion carcasses, in the same way as described in the sphere of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in the sphere of his maxim.

Åöäøó Çááøóåó æóÑóÓõæáóåõ ÍóÑøóãó ÈóíúÚó ÇáúÎóãúÑö æóÇáúãóíúÊóÉö æóÇáúÎöäúÒöíÑö æóÇáúÃóÕúäóÇãö ÝóÞöíáó IOC ÑóÓõæáó Çááøóåö ÃóÑóÃóíúÊó ÔõÍõæãó ÇáúãóíúÊóÉö ÝóÅöäøóåóÇ íõØúáóì ÈöåóÇ ÇáÓøõÝõäõ æóíõÏúåóäõ ÈöåóÇ ÇáúÌõáõæÏõ æóíóÓúÊóÕúÈöÍõ ÈöåóÇ ÇáäøóÇÓõ ÝóÞóÇáó AOC åõæó ÍóÑóÇãñ Ëõãøó ÞóÇáó ÑóÓõæáõ Çááøóåö Õóáøóì Çááøóåõ Úóáóíúåö æóÓóáøóãó ÚöäúÏó Ðóáößó ÞóÇÊóáó Çááøóåõ ÇáúíóåõæÏó Åöäøó Çááøóåó áóãøóÇ ÍóÑøóãó ÔõÍõæãóåóÇ Ìóãóáõæåõ Ëõãøó ÈóÇÚõæåõ ÝóÃóßóáõæÇ Ëóãóäóåõ

"Which income: Verily Allah and His envoy be inflicted with forbidden khomr vending (liquor), carrion, pigs and idols. At that time near is a maxim: "O Rasululloh! How perform you think of shell fat, for the reason that it can befall used to freshen the paint (caulking) ferry, grease the skin and to fuel lamps. " at that time he whispered: Near ought to befall! Is forbidden ". At that time Rasululloh sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam whispered by the phase: Might Alah injure Jews, extremely Allah has forbidden fat, and their melting (an oil) and at that time vend it and take the proceeds "[Reported by al Jama'ah]

This prevention is broad-spectrum to all scavengers, plus humans, bar in lieu of aquatic animals and locusts. Prevention of promotion soul corpses include Muslims and unbelievers. Therefore, Imam Al-Bukhari wrote a section in the sphere of the tome shohihnya entitled under the different source Thorhu section Al-Wala Mushrikeen Yu'khodz lahum Tsaman. With the aim of section explains discard carcasses idolaters and not take property in lieu of her ransom.

Ibn Hajar gives an diyat to this section, with the aim of the statement of Imam Al-Bukhari: "It does not take a ransom in lieu of her treasure", (it) suggests to the hadith of Ibn Abbas who whispered:

"Ãóäøó ÇáúãõÔúÑößöíäó ÃóÑóÇÏõæÇ Ãóäú íóÔúÊóÑõæÇ ÌóÓóÏó ÑóÌõáò ãöäú ÇáúãõÔúÑößöíäó ÝóÃóÈóì ÇáäøóÈöíøõ Õóáøóì Çááøóåõ Úóáóíúåö æóÓóáøóãó Ãóäú íóÈöíÚóåõãú ÅöíøóÇåõ" ÃÎÑÌå ÇáÊÑãÐí æÛíÑå

"Meaning: It's the idolaters wanted to bad deal the body of a polytheistic, but the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam reluctant to vend it to them" [Reported by al-Tirmidhi and in the sphere of others] [14].

In the same way as in lieu of Ibn Ishaaq mentions in the sphere of the tome of Al Maghazi

"Ãóäøó ÇáúãõÔúÑößöíäó ÓóÃóáõæúÇ ÇáäøóÈöíøó Õóáøóì Çááøóåõ Úóáóíúåö æóÓóáøóãó Ãóäú íóÈöíúÚóåõãú ÌóÓóÏó äóæúÝóáó Èúäö ÚóÈúÏö Çááåö Èúäö ÇáúãõÛöíúÑóÉö, æóßóÇäó ÇÞúÊóÍóãó ÇáúÎóäúÏóÞó; ÝóÞóÇáó ÇáäøóÈöíøõ Õóáøóì Çááøóåõ Úóáóíúåö æóÓóáøóãó: ACO ÍóÇÌóÉó áóäóÇ ÈöËóãóäöåö æóáÇó ÌóÓóÏöåö"

"Meaning: It's the idolaters asked the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to vend their bodies to Abdillah bin Nawfal bin Al Mughiroh. He used to befall attacked Khondak. ', So The Prophet' alaihi wa sallam whispered: It does not take a price worth, and not additionally his body "

Ibn Hisham whispered, "It has occur to us from Az-Zuhri, with the aim of they had issued ten thousand in lieu of it"

Imam Bukhari, the hadith pendalilan take a area section of the custom confirm, with the aim of the on top of hadith makes the argument in the sphere of this section is based on a preference with the aim of lantaram kelurda Gentiles were killed in the sphere of the battle of Badr, knowing if they willpower receive a ransom to follow their bodies (killed ), they would throw away in the same way as much in the same way as on the cards to it. This is the reinforcement of the hadeeth of Ibn Abas sanadnya although not in the same way as compelling. [15]

HIKMAH prevention carcasses [16].
Various scholars say a only some teaching prevention carcasses, plus:
[1]. In the sphere of broad-spectrum, the shell is risky for the reason that of death, torture, weakness, or else for the reason that the microbes, bacteria and viruses and the like to remove toxins. Every now and then the disease microbes live on in the sphere of the shell quite a while.

[2]. Soul nature throw out it and consider it disgusted and muted

[3]. The existence of bad blood with the aim of did not occur available with the aim of are not held available and did not disappear if not the sacrifices syar'i.

As a consequence, the law concerning to shell, expectantly take home us added cautious in the sphere of choosing foods. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala has whispered.

"Meaning: O Messengers, munch of the fine food, fine deeds and perform it. Behold, I am well acquainted with what did you say? Ye perform ". [Al-Mu'minun: 51]

"Meaning: O ye who believe, munch of the fine providence of the fine with the aim of we bequeath unto you ..." Wabillahi Al Taufiq.

References.
A. Al Qamus Muhieth Al, Al Fairuzzabadi, AL tahqiq Muhammad Na'im 'Urqususi, mold fifth time 1416H, Muassasah Al Proceedings, Beirut
2. Al Ath'imah Wa Al Shoid Wal Ahkaam DZabaa'ih, DR. Sholeh bin Abdillah Al Fauzan, a back printing in the sphere of 1419H, Maktabah Al Ma'arif, Riyadh,
3. Author's record of diyat Syeikhuna Abdulqayyum bin Muhammad Al Syahibani teaching diFakultas hadith Hadith, Islamic University of Medina.
4. Syarhul Mumti '' Ala Al Zaad Mustaqni ', Sheikh Ibn Uthaymeen, tahqiq DR. Khalid Al Musyaiqih and Sulaimin Abu Khoil, back printing in the sphere of 1414 H, Muassasatu Aasaam,
5. Shohih Fiqhus Sunnah, Abu Malik bin Al-Sayyid Kamal Saalim, with no the years, Al Maktabah Al Taufiqiyah, Cairo, Egypt 1/73.
6. Author Nailul Bi Syarhi Al Muntaqa Lil Akhbaar, Mohammed bin Ali Al Syaukani, Verification saalim Haasyim Muhammad, original printed in the sphere of 1415H, Dar Al Pole 'Ilmiyah, Baerut
7. Al Mughni, Ibn Qudama, Tahqiqi Abdulmuhsin bin Abdullah al-Turki, a back printing in the sphere of 1413H, Dar Hajar.
8. Fathul Shohih Baari Sharh Al Bokhori, Ibn Hajar Al Asqalani, Al Maktabah Al Salafi, with no mold and time

[Copied from the magazine edition of As-Sunnah Foundation 01/Tahun XI/1428H/2007M.Diterbitkan Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo Solo Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondanggrejo 57 183, Tel. 0271-5891016]
__________
Foote record
[1]. Understand, Al Qamus Muhieth Al, Al Fairuzzabadi, AL tahqiq Muhammad Na'im 'Urqususi, mold fifth time 1416H, Muassasah Al Proceedings, Beirut. Task 206.
[2]. Al Ath'imah Wa Al Shoid Wal Ahkaam DZabaa'ih, DR. Sholeh bin Abdillah Al Fauzan, a back printing in the sphere of 1419H, Maktabah Al Ma'arif, Riyadh, p. 195
[3]. Author's record of diyat Syeikhuna Abdulqayyum bin Muhammad Al Syahibani teaching diFakultas hadith Hadith, Islamic University of Medina on 13 Jumadal Ula 1418H.
[4]. Reported by Abu Daud rebuff. 2858dan Ibn Majah rebuff. 3216 and dishohihkan Al Albani in the sphere of Sunan Abu Daud shohih
[5]. Syarhul Mumti '' Ala Al Zaad Mustaqni ', Sheikh Ibn Uthaymeen, tahqiq DR. Khalid Al Musyaiqih and Sulaimin Abu Khoil, back printing in the sphere of 1414 H, Muassasatu Aasaam, 1/78
[6]. Author's record of diyat SyeikhUNA Abdul Qayyum. Muhammad Bin Syahibani
[7]. Shohih Fiqhus Sunnah, Abu Malik bin Al-Sayyid Kamal Saalim, with no the years, Al Maktabah Al Taufiqiyah, Cairo, Egypt 1/73.
[8]. Syarhul Mumti '1/78
[9]. Shohih fiqhus Sunnah 1/73.
[10]. Scrutinize Author Nailul Syarhil Muntaqa lil bi Akhbar, Muhammad ibn Ali ash-Syaukani, Verification of Muhammad Salim Hashim, original Printing, Th 1415H, Dar Al-Ilmiyah Pole, Beirut (1/67)
[11]. Syarhul Mumtu '1/69
[12]. Al Mughni, Ibn Qudama, Tahqiqi Abdulmuhsin bin Abdullah al-Turki, a back printing in the sphere of 1413H, Dar Hajar. 13/330
[13]. So named for the reason that they feed on the leaves fall from the tree
[14]. Sheikh Al Albani Didhoifkan in the sphere of Sunan Al Tirmidhi Dho'if
[15]. Fathul Shohih Baari Sharh Al Bokhori, Ibn Hajar Al Asqalani, Al Maktabah Al Salafi, with no mold and years, 6/283
[16]. Understand the bring about of Sheikh Al Ath'imah Sholeh Al-Fauzan it. 196

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