Wednesday, 4 January 2012

The emergence of Salafi history in Indonesia

It is inevitable that the Salafi movement in Indonesia is much influenced by the ideas and reform movements launched by Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab in the Arabian Peninsula. According to Abu al-Thalibi Abdirrahman, the idea of renewal Ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab was first believed to brought into the area of the archipelago by some scholars from West Sumatra in the early 19th century. This is the first Salafi movement in the ground water which was then known as Padri movement, which is one of the main character is Tuanku Imam Bonjol. This movement itself took place in the period 1803 hinggasekitar 1832. But, Ja'far Umar Talib-claimed in one of his writings-that this movement has actually started to emerge seedlings during the Sultan Iskandar Muda (1603-1637).

In addition, the idea of these updates are relatively well then give an influence on modern Islamic movements who were born later, like Muhammadiyah, EXACTLY, and Al-Ershad. "Back to the al-Quran and al-Sunnah" and the eradication of superstition, heresy and superstition then menjadisemacam fundamental issue, which carried by these movements. Although one thing that seems worth noting that these movements are not fully take much less run the ideas brought by the movement of purification Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab. Especially with the advent of other reform ideas
come later, like the idea of liberalizing Islam that hardly can be said to have occupied a position in every movement.

In the late 80s,-along with the burgeoning movement back to Islam at various campuses in the country is water-may be said to be a milestone in the early emergence of modern Salafi movement in Indonesia. Ja'far Umar Talib is one of the main characters that play a role in this regard. In one of his article titled "I'm Missing brotherhood Imaniyah Islamiyah", he told his story to know to understand this by saying: "When I studied religion in Pakistan between 1986 s / d 1987, I saw how the Muslims in the world are scattered in various the flow of understanding. I am sad and sad to see this bitter reality. When I entered the field of jihad fi sabilillah in Afghanistan
between the years 1987, s / d in 1989, I saw the spirit of disunity among the Muslims with their leaders favor and drop the other figures ... In the years of jihad fi sabilillah that I became acquainted with the youth of Yemen and Surian which they introduce to my righteous ones understanding of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah. I began to know of them a prominent Salafi da'wah bernamaAl-Allama Muqbil bin Hadi al-Wadi'i ...

Depression in Afghanistan I find the signs increasingly implicated in Indonesia. I returned to Indonesia in late 1989, and in January 1990 I started preaching. Propaganda struggle that I called the Salafi da'wah ... "Jafar Talib himself later admitted that there is much changed from his thought, including his admiration for the attitude and Quthub Sayyed, one of the Brotherhood
Muslims who once more he devoured his books. His introduction to the idea of this movement that admiration turned 180 degrees into a remarkable critical attitude-to-hate does not say so. In addition to Jafar Talib, there are some other figures that can be said to be the early movers Modern Salafi Movement in Indonesia, such as: Yazid Abdul Qadir Jawwaz (Bogor), Abdul Hakim Abdat (Jakarta), Muhammad Umar As-Sewed (Solo), Ahmad Fais Asifuddin (Solo), and Abu Nida '(Yogyakarta). These names are even later incorporated in the magazine editorial board of As-Sunnah-Modern magazine GerakanSalafi-first in Indonesia, before then they berpecah few years later.

The figures outside of Indonesia's most influential of these modern-Salafi Movement in addition to Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab, of course, include:
1. Scholars of Saudi Arabia in general.
2. Shaykh Muhammad Nasir al-Din al-Albaani in Jordan (d. 2001)
3. Rabi al-Sheikh in Medina Madkhaly
4. Shaykh al-Wadi'iy Muqbil in Yemen (d. 2002).

Sure there are other characters besides these three, but three characters can be said to be the main sumberinspirasi this movement. And if pursed further, then the second and third characters are more specialized role in forming the character of this movement in Indonesia. The ideas developed among modern Salafis are not far from the rotating direction, the teachings and fatwas two men; Sheikh Rabi 'al-Madkhaly and Sheikh al-Wadi'iy Muqbil. The second figure is then gives major influence on the emergence of extreme Salafi movement, or, to borrow a phrase Abdirrahman Abu al-Yamani Thalibi-Salafi movement.

(Much his paper. Ikhsan, Postgraduate Education UI, More)

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