Al-Yazid ibn Abdul Qadir Ustadz Jawas
Ahl Sunnah wal Jama'ah are the Ahlul Wasath (Ummah among the mid-firqah firqah  which deviate) . As Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala has made the umma (Islamic) as mid ummah (community fair and elected), among all mankind, as his word:
وكذلك جعلناكم أمة وسطا لتكونوا شهداء على الناس ويكون الرسول عليكم شهيدا
"And so it has made you (Muslims), the ummah is fair and choice, that ye may be witnesses of (the act) men and that the Apostle (Muhammad) a witness on the (deeds) you." [Al-Baqarah: 143]
They (Ahlus Sunnah) are among the mid-firqah firqah (factions) are misguided. According to the explanation of Imam 'Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak (d. th. 181 H) and Yusuf al-Asbath (d. th. 195 H) that the class is destroyed (lost) a lot of amount, but there are four sources perpecahannya firqah (classes), namely:
There are people who ask 'Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak about Jahmiyyah class, so he replied: "They were not the ummah of the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam." 
Between belief and manhaj Ahlus Sunnah which is the middle are:
1. They (Ahlus Sunnah) is in the middle of God's Attributes problems between groups and Musyabbihah Jahmiyyah.
Jahmiyyah is a misguided and streams dikafirkan by the scholars. Appears at the end of the Umayyads. So called because the figures associated with the name of its founder, namely Abu Safwan bin Mahraz Jahm at-Tirmidhi who was assassinated in the year 128 H. Among the opinion of this flow is to deny Asma 'and Attributes of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, Al-Qur-an is a creature (item creation) and that faith is simply to know Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala, they believe that Heaven and Hell is mortal (will perish) and others. 
Musyabbihah is misguided and streams including the Ahl-ul-bid'ah. Or likening them to equate God with nature nature of His creatures. Included in this group is Jawaliqiyyah tamtsil, Hisyamiyyah and Jawaribiyyah. 
While the view of Ahl Sunnah about the nature of God can be seen in the discussion of Tawheed Asma 'wash Shifat.
2. Ahlus Sunnah Jabariyyah halfway between the flow and Qa-dariyyah in trouble af'alul 'ibad (deeds of His servants).
Jabariyyah is a misguided and streams including the Ahl-ul-bid'ah. Derived from the word 'jabr' means coercion. And they have the view that man in all his works, gestures and behavior is forced, does not have the power and freedom. They deny the deed servants in ha-kikat and leaning it to God. Included in this flow is Jahmiyyah, they looked at each other like that. According Jabariyyah Syahrastani that there are two classes: Jabariyyah Khalishah and Jabariyyah Mutawassithah. 
Qadariyyah is a misguided and streams including the Ahl-ul-bid'ah. Derived from the word 'Qadr', meaning divine provision. This flow does not acknowledge the existence of Qadr and said of men that determines their own destiny and it was he who makes his actions, regardless of the nature and iradat Divine. Included in this flow is Mu'tazilite who also looked at each other the same. 
View of Ahl Sunnah About Actions Servant is:
First: The act is essentially servants of Allah Almighty's creation.
Second: What is a servant carrying out the act itself is essential.
Third: A servant has the power (ability) to perform the essential actions and have an influence on the occurrence of such actions. And it is Allah who gives them the ability to perform such actions. 
Imam Abu 'Uthman al-Shabuni (d. th. 499 H) rahimahullah said: "Understanding of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah is the belief that the action is the servant of Allah Almighty created. And nobody can argue with them and there is no doubt whatsoever. Instead, they regard those who deny and do not accept the fact that as people who deviate from the guidance and truth. "
3. They (Ahlus Sunnah) in mid-threatening problem of God , and flow between Murji'ah Wa'idiyyah, from among Qadariyyah and besides them.
Murji'ah is a misguided and streams including the Ahl-ul-bid'ah. Derived from the word irja 'which means the termination, because they mengakhirkan (separate) charity of faith. They say: "A sin is not harmful as long as there is faith, as did an obedience are useless as long as there infidelity." According to them, charity is not included in the criteria of faith, and faith has not increased nor diminished. 
Wa'idiyyah is a misguided and streams including the Ahl-ul-bid'ah, derived from the word meaning wa'iid threat. They argue that God must carry out his threat, as mentioned in Al-Qur-an. Therefore, they argue that the perpetrators of grave sin, if he died without repentance, then he will abide in Hell, as threatened by God against them, because God will not violate his promise. 
Meanwhile, in the view of Ahl Sunnah that a Muslim who commits a major sin will get threats with hell if he does not repent, if Allah willed, He would forgive him, and if God wills, He will be tormented in Hell, but he was not everlasting in Hell. 
4. Ahlus Sunnah middle in terms of the names of faith and religion, between groups and Mu'tazilite Haruriyyah, and between the Murji'ah and Jahmiyyah.
Haruriyyah is misguided and streams including the Ahl-ul-bid'ah. Derived from the word haruura '(حروراء), which is a place near Kufa. Haruriyyah including one in the flow Kharijites sect. So named because that's where they get together when they come out (rebel) of the Caliphate 'Ali ibn Abi Talib radi anhu. According to them, the perpetrators of grave sin there was an infidel and in the Hereafter he will abide in Hell. 
Mu'tazilah is a misguided and streams including the Ahl-ul-bid'ah. They are followers of Wasil ibn 'Atha' and 'Amr ibn' Ubayd. It is said that they issued a self Mu'tazilite ('itizal) of the study group al-Hasan al-Basri (d. 110 H) rahimahullah, or because they isolate themselves from the view of most Muslims when it is in great actors sin, because according to Wasil ibn 'Atha', the perpetrator was in a state of sin between faith and infidels, are not said to believe nor disbelieve say, or referred to them: manzilah bainal manzilatain (a place between two positions, are not believers and unbelievers). And if you do not repent, then in the hereafter he will be eternally in Hell. 
As for the Ahlus Sunnah, who commit major sins of the Muslims still called believer for his faith, only that he was Fasiq because the magnitude of sin. Or say he was believer whose faith is lacking, being affairs in the Hereafter, if not repent-is up to Allah, if Allah Almighty wills, will be tortured him (according to his justice) and if He will be forgiven him (according to with the nature of his love). 
5. Ahlus Sunnah also halfway between the groups Rafidhah and the Kharijites, the problem of Companions of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
Rafidhah is a misguided and streams including the Ahl-ul-bid'ah. Derived from the word 'Rafadha', meaning rejected. One of the Shiite sect in the flow. They are being exaggerated to 'Ali and the Ahlul Bait, and they expressed hostility towards the majority of Friends, especially Abu Bakr and' Umar radi anhuma. Rafidhah called, because they refused to help and support for Zaid ibn 'Ali ibn al-Husayn ibn' Ali ibn Abi Talib during leadership Hisham ibn 'Abd al-Malik. Why, because they are asked to declare an impartial Zaid to Abu Bakr and 'Umar, he refused and refused, so they too refused to support it. Hence they are called Rafidhah. 
Kharijites is a misguided and streams including the Ahl-ul-bid'ah. Derived from the word meaning kharaja out. A flow menyempal of Islam and their religion out of the Imams of the Muslims options. Even those mengkafirkan 'Ali and Mu'awiyah and the supporters of both. They (the Kharijites) so called because states out of the caliphate of 'Ali after the event Shiffin. Kharijites of the most fundamental principle there are three, which they have been distorted, misguided and misled the Muslims:
First: Mengkafirkan 'Ali ibn Abi Talib,' Uthman ibn 'Affan and two judges  radi anhum.
Second: Mandatory exit (rebel) of the ruler that wrongdoers.
Third: The perpetrator is a heathen and a great sin in the eternal afterlife in Hell. 
Firqah the first out of the Islamic Ummah is the Kharijites, they were the first mengkafirkan of the Muslims with great sin, and they also are to halalkan blood because of the Muslims with it. 
[Copied from the book Sharh Aqeedah Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama'ah, author Yazid ibn Abdul Qadir Jawas, Reader Publishers Imam Ash-Shafi'i, Po Box 7803/JACC Jakarta 13340A, Moulds Third 1427H/Juni 2006M]
. Firqah is a group or class, flow, understanding that deviate from the understanding of the Sahaba radi anhum. They have principles and rules in his religion that is different from the principle of 'aqeedah and manhaj Ahlus Sunnah wal Jama'ah.
. To be more clear about the middle of Ahlus-Sunnah among firqah firqah false, read the book Wasathiyyah Ahlus Sunnah by Dr. bainal Firaq. Muhammad Muhammad Bakarim Ba'abdullah, cet. I-Daarur Rayah, th. 1415 H.
. Majmuu 'Fataawaa (III/350) by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah.
. See Maqaalaat Islamiyyiin (juz I) by Abul Hasan al-Ash'ari, al-Farqu bainal Firaq (p. 158), al-Milal wan Nihal (pp. 86-88) by Syahrastani, Syarhul 'Aqiidah al-Waasithiyyah (p. 185) by Khalil Hirras, tahqiq as-Saqqaf, and Wasathiyyah Ahlis Sunna (p. 296).
. See Syarhul 'Aqiidah al-Waasithiyyah (p. 185) by Khalil Hirras, tahqiq as-Saqqaf, al-Farqu bainal Firaq (p. 170-174) and Wasathiyyah Ahlis Sunnah (pp. 317-318).
. See Maqaalaatul Islamiyyiin (I/338), al-Milal wan-Nihal (p. 85) by the Shah-Wasatiyah Ahlis rastani and Sunnah (pp. 374-375).
. See al-Farqu bainal Firaq (p. 79) by al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, tahqiq Muhyidin 'Abdul Hamid al-Milal wan-Nihal (pp. 43-45) by Wasathiyyah Ahlis Syahrastani and Sunnah (p. 378).
. See Wasathiyyah (p. 379) and Minhaajus Sunnah (II/298).
. 'Ash-haabil Aqiidatus Hadiits Salaf (p. 90 no. 118).
. See the discussion of al-wal Wa'du Wa'iid in this book (pp. 374-380).
. See al-Milal wan-Nihal (p. 139) by Syahrastani, Wasathiyyah Ahlis Sunnah (pp. 294-295).
. See Syarhul 'Aqiidah al-Waasithiyyah (p. 188) by Khalil Hirras, tahqiq as-Saqqaf and Wasathiyyah Ahlus Sunnah (pp. 355-356).
. Wasathiyyah Ahlus Sunnah (p. 357).
. See Maqaalaatul Islamiyyiin (I/167) by Abul Hasan al-Ash'ari, tahqiq Muhyidin 'Abdul Hamid, Majmoo' al-Fataawaa (VII/481-482) by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah and Syarhul 'Aqiidah al-Waasithiyyah (p. 190) by Khalil Hirras, tahqiq as-Saqqaf.
. See al-Farqu bainal Firaq (p. 15), Wasathiyyah (pp. 296-297, 341-343).
 See Wasathiyyah Ahlis Sunna (p. 346) and Syarhul 'Aqiidah al-Waasithiyyah (p. 191) by Khalil Hirras, tahqiq as-Saqqaf.
. See Minhaajus Sunnah (I/34-36) by Shaykh al-Islam, Dr tahqiq. Rashad Muhammad Salim, Maqaalaatul Islamiyyiin (I/65, 88, 136) and Wasathiyyah Ahlis Sunnah (pp. 405-418).
. What is meant by the two judges were two envoys to arbitrate disputes between 'Ali and Mu'awiyah. Of the parties 'Ali sent Abu Musa al-Ash'ari and of the Mu'awiyah sent' Amr ibn al-`As, رضوان الله عليهم أجمعين.
. See Maqaalaatul Islaamiyyiin (I/167-168), al-Milal wan-Nihal (pp. 114-115) by Syahrastani, Fat-Hul Baari (XII/283-284) and Wasathiyyah (pp. 290-291).
. Majmuu 'Fataawaa (III/349 and VII/481) by Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah.