Tuesday, 6 December 2011

Sunnah Fasting

By
Sheikh Abdullah bin Abd al-Azhim Khalafi


Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam has been advocated to fast on the following days:
a. Six days of Shawwal
It was narrated from Abu Ayyub al-Ansari radi anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

من صام رمضان ثم أتبعه ستا من شوال كان كصيام الدهر.
"
Whoever fasted Ramadan and then followed by fasting six days of Shawwal, then he is like a fast year. "[1]

b, c. Day of 'Arafah for those who do not perform the pilgrimage and the day of' Ashura (the tenth day of Muharram) and the previous day (ninth day).
It was narrated from Abu Qatadah radi anhu, he said,

سئل رسول الله j عن صوم يوم عرفة, فقال: يكفر السنة الماضية والباقية. وسئل عن صوم يوم عاشوراء, فقال: يكفر السنة المضية.

"The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was asked about fasting the day of' Arafah, he replied, 'It takes away the sin a year ago and that will come.' He also asked about fasting on 'Ashura, he replied,' It takes away the sin of last year. '"[2]

Of Umm al-Fadl al-Harith bintu radi anhuma that there are some people who were nearby at the time in 'Arafah is fasting at loggerheads about the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam on the Day of 'Arafah. There are some of them argued that he was fasting, and some others say he is not fasting, then the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam delivered a glass of milk, then he was on his camel at' Arafat, and he drank it. [3]

Also narrated from Abu Ghathfan Tharif bin al-Muri, he said, "I heard Ibn 'Abbas radi anhuma said,' When the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, fasting' Ashura and he recommends his Companions to fast, they said, 'Messenger of Allah, This really is a day that is honored by Jews and Christians. ' Then he said, 'Well then, in the coming year we will fast on the ninth day (tasu'a) insha Allah.' Ibn 'Abbas said,' But not until next year, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, has died.' "[4]

d. On most days of fasting in the month of Muharram
From Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

أفضل الصيام بعد رمضان شهر الله المحرم وأفضل الصلاة بعد الفريضة صلاة الليل.

"The best of fasting after the fasting month of Ramadan is fasting in the month of Allah, the month of Muharram and the best of prayer after the obligatory prayers is the night prayer." [5]

e. On most days of fasting in the month of Ramadhan
From 'Aisha radi anhuma, he said, "I never saw the Messenger sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam perfected fasting month of Ramadan unless you and I never seen him fasting in a month more than a month of Ramadhan." [6]

f. Monday and Thursday
It was narrated from Usama ibn Zayd radi anhuma, he said, "Verily the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam always fasted on Mondays and Thursdays, when he was asked about it, he replied:

إن أعمال العباد تعرض يوم الإثنين والخميس.

'Verily deeds faced servant (of Allah) on Mondays and Thursdays.' "[7]

g. Fasting three days of each month (Hijriyyah)
From 'Abdullah ibn' Amr radi anhuma, he said, "The Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to me:

صم من كل شهر ثلاثة أيام, فإن الحسنة بعشر أمثالها, وذلك مثل صيام الدهر.

'Puasalah three days of each month. Indeed the good deeds that rewards ten-fold, so he's like fasting all the time. '"[8]

And Sunnah to make the three-day third day, fourteen, and fifteen. Based on the history of Abu Dharr radi anhu, he said that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

يا أبا ذر, إذا صمت من الشهر ثلاثة أيام فصم ثلاثة عشرة وأربع عشرة وخمس عشرة.

"O Abu Dharr, if you want to fast three days of a month, then puasalah on the thirtieth day, fourteen, and fifteen." [9]

h. Fasting a day and breaking a day (fasting of Prophet Dawud Alaihissallam)
It was narrated from 'Abdullah ibn' Amr radi anhuma, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

أحب الصيام إلى الله صيام داود كان يصوم يوما ويفطر يوما.

"Fasting is the most loved by Allah is the fasting of Prophet Dawud, he fasted a day and breaking of day." [10]

i. Ninth Day of Dhul Hijjah in
Hunaidah narrated from ibn Khalid from his wife, of some wives of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam fasted on the ninth day of Dhul Hijjah, the day of 'Ashura, three days of every month, first Monday of a month and on Thursday. "[11]

14. Days of Fasting is forbidden to him
a. Are two Hari Raya ('Eid al-Fitr and' Eid al-Adha)
From Abu 'Ubaid, the freed slave of Ibn Azhar, he said, "I celebrate the day of' Id with 'Umar ibn al-radi Kaththab anhu, then he (' Umar) said, 'These are two days that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam forbade us to fast to him, the day when you break the fast and the other day, the day where you take your sacrificial animals. "[12]

b. Tasyriq days *
From Abu Murrah, a freed slave of Umm Hani ', that he was with' Abdullah bin 'Amr radi anhuma came to' Amr ibn al-`As, and then he serve food for them both, saying," Eat! "He replied," I'm fasting. "'Amr said," Eat, actually this is the day that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam told us to break the fast and forbade us to fast. "Malik said," It was the day Tasyriq. "[13]

And narrated from 'Aisha and Ibn' Umar radi anhum, they both said, "Not allowed to fast on the days tasyriq, except those who do not get the animal sacrifice (at Mina during the Hajj)." [14]

c. Fasting on Friday alone
It has been narrated from Abu Hurayrah, he said, "I heard the Messenger Shallahu alaihi wa sallam said:

لا تصومن أحدكم يوم الجمعة إلا يوما قبله أو بعده.

'Let not one of you fasting on Friday, unless he fasted the day before or after.' "[15]

d. Fasting on Saturday alone
Based on the history of 'Abdullah ibn as-Sulami Busr radi anhu, from his sister, al-Shamma radi anhuma, that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa nature has said:

لا تصوموا يوم السبت إلا فيما افترض عليكم, و إن لم يجد أحدكم إلا لحاء عنب أو عود شجرة فليمضغها.

"Do not fast on Saturdays, unless that has been prescribed for you. If one of you do not get (food for breaking) unless the skins of grapes or tree branch, then let him chew it. "[16]

e. The second half of the month of Ramadhan for those who do not have the habit of fasting
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi anhu that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

إذا انتصف شعبان فلا تصوموا.

"If it had until mid-month of Ramadhan, then you should not fast." [17]

Also from Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, narrated that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

لا يتقدمن أحدكم رمضان بصوم يوم أو يومين إلا أن يكون رجل كان يصوم صومه فليصم ذلك اليوم.

"Do not ever one of you ahead of Ramadan by fasting one or two days earlier, unless the person is working on a fasting are wont to do, then let him fast on that day." [18]

f. Fasting on the day of dubious
Of 'Ammar ibn Yasir radi anhu, he said, "Whoever fasted on the dubious means he has disobeyed Abul Qasim (the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam)." [19]

g. Fasting forever, although he break the fast on days forbidden to fast.
It was narrated from 'Abdullah ibn' Amr radi anhuma, he said, "The Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

يا عبد الله بن عمرو! إنك لتصوم الدهر وتقوم الليل, وإنك إذا فعلت ذلك هجمت له العين ونهكت, لا صام من صام الأبد.

"O 'Abdullah bin' Amr, the real you is always fast during the day (forever) and get up at night. If you continue to do so, then you have made your eyes are sunken and torturing yourself. There is no fast for a fasting person forever. "[20]

Also narrated from Abu Qatadah, that there is a man came to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said, asked, "O Messenger of Allah sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam how do you fast?" The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was angry to hear those words and when' Umar saw it, he said, "We have the pleasure of Allah as our Lord, Islam as our religion, and Muhammad as our Prophet. We seek refuge in Allah from His anger and wrath of His Messenger. "He kept repeating these words to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam stop angry, then he asked," O Messenger of Allah sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam, what about the people who fast for ever? " He said:

لا صام ولا أفطر.

"He's not fast and not break." [21]

15. Prohibition Fasting For A Wife If Her husband There are (at Home) Except with the permission
Based on the history of Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, he said that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

لا تصم المرأة وبعلها شاهد إلا بإذنه.

"Not allowed a wife to fast when her husband at home, except with his permission." [22]

[Copied from the book Al-Sunnah wal Wajiiz FII Fiqhis Kitaabil Aziiz, author Azhim Shaykh ibn Abdul al-Khalafi Badawai, edition of Indonesia Guide Complete Fiqh, Translation Team Tashfiyah LIPIA - Jakarta, Reader Publishers Ibn Kathir, Ramadan First published in 1428 - September 2007M]
_______
Footnote
[1]. Saheeh: [Sunan Abi Dawud Shahiih (no. 2125)], Shahiih Muslims (II/822, no. 11 640), Sunan at-Tirmidhi (II/129, no. 756), Sunan Abi Dawood (VII/86, no. 2416), Sunan Majah Ibni (I/547, no. 1716).
[2]. Saheeh: [Irwaa-ul Ghaliil (no. 955)], Shahiih Muslims (II/818, no. 1162).
[3]. Agreed upon: al-Bukhari Shahiih (Fat-Hul Baari IV/236, no. 1988), Muslim Shahiih (II/791, no. 1123), Sunan Abu Dawud (VII/106, no. 2424).
[4]. Saheeh: [Sunan Abi Dawud Shahiih (no. 2136)], Shahiih Muslims (II/797, no. 1134), Sunan Abu Dawud (VII/110, no. 2428
[5]. Saheeh: [Sunan Abi Dawud Shahiih (no. 2122)], Shahiih Muslims (II/821, no. 1163), Sunan Abi Dawood (VII/82, no. 2412), Sunan an-Nasa-i (III/206) , Sunan at-Tirmidhi (I/274/436).
[6]. Agreed upon: al-Bukhari Shahiih (Fat-Hul Baari IV/213, no. 1969), Muslim Shahiih (II/810, no. 1156 (175)), Sunan Abi Dawood (VII/99, no. 2417).
[7]. Saheeh: [Sunan Abi Dawud Shahiih (no. 2127)], Sunan Abi Dawood (VII/100, no. 2419).
[8]. Agreed upon: al-Bukhari Shahiih (Fat-Hul Baari IV/220, no. 1976), Muslim Shahiih (II/812, no. 1159), Sunan Abu Dawud (VII/79, no. 2410), without time- mat in the middle, Sunan an-Nasa-i (IV/211).
[9]. Saheeh: [Shahiih al-Jaami 'ash-Shaghiir (no. 7817)], Sunan at-Tirmidhi (II/130, no. 758), Sunan an-Nasa-i (IV/222).
[10]. Agreed upon: al-Bukhari Shahiih (Fat-Hul Baari III/16, no. 1131), Muslim Shahiih (II/816, no. 1159 (189)), Sunan an-Nasa-i (III/214), Sunan Abi Dawood (VII/117, no. 2431), Sunan Majah Ibni (I/546, no. 1712).
[11]. Saheeh: [Sunan Abi Dawud Shahiih (no. 2129)], Sunan Abi Dawood (VII/102, no. 2420), Sunan an-Nasa-i (IV/220).
[12]. Agreed upon: al-Bukhari Shahiih (Fat-Hul Baari) (IV/238/1990), Shahiih Muslims (II/799/1137), Sunan Abu Dawud (VII/61/2399), Sunan at-Tirmidhi (II / 135/769), Sunan Ibn Majah (I/549/1722).
*) Tasyriq Today is the day after the day of Eid al-Adha, and the scholars disagree whether she has two days or three days. Because naming tasyriq day, because the meat of sacrificial animals spread out under the hot sun, some say this is because the sacrificial animals are not slaughtered until after sunrise, others say this is because the Eid al-Adha prayers performed at sunrise, and some say , at-Tasyriq is performed Takbir after every prayer. (Fat-Hul Baari p. IV. 285)
[13]. Saheeh: [Sunan Abi Dawud Shahiih (no. 2113)], Sunan Abi Dawood (VII/63, no. 2401).
[14]. Saheeh: [Mukhtasar Shahiih al-Bukhari (no. 978)], Shahiih al-Bukhari (Fat-Hul Baari IV/242, no. 1997).
[15]. Agreed upon: al-Bukhari Shahiih (Fat-Hul Baari IV/232, no. 1985), Muslim Shahiih (II/801, no. 1144), Sunan Abu Dawud (VII/64, no. 6403), Sunan at- Tirmidhi (II/123, no. 740).
[16]. Saheeh: [Shahiih Sunan Abu Dawood (no. 2116)], Sunan Abi Dawood (VII/66, no. 2404), Sunan at-Tirmidhi (II/123, no. 741), Sunan Majah Ibni (I/550, no . 1726).
[17]. Saheeh: [Shahiih Ibni Sunan Majah (no. 1339)], Sunan Abi Dawood (VI/460, no. 2320), Sunan at-Tirmidhi (II/121, no. 735), Sunan Majah Ibni (I/528, no . 1651) with similar lafazh.
[18]. Agreed upon: al-Bukhari Shahiih (Fat-Hul Baari IV/127, no. 1914), Muslim Shahiih (II/762, no. 1082), Sunan Abi Dawood (VI/459, no. 2318), Sunan at- Tirmidhi (II/97, no. 680), Sunan an-Nasa-i (IV/149), Sunan Majah Ibni (I/528, no. 1650).
[19]. Saheeh: [Irwaa-ul Ghaliil (no. 961)], Sunan at-Tirmidhi (II/97, no. 681), Sunan Abu Dawud (VI/457, no. 2317), Sunan an-Nasa-i (IV / 153), Sunan Majah Ibni (I/527, no. 1645).
[20]. Agreed upon: Muslim Shahiih (II/815, no. 1159 (187)), Shahiih al-Bukhari (Fat-Hul Baari IV/224, no. 1979).
[21]. Saheeh: [Shahiih Sunan Abi Dawud, no. 2119], Shahiih Muslims (II/818, no. 1162), Sunan Abu Dawud (VII/75, no. 2408), Sunan an-Nasa-i (IV/207).
[22]. Agreed upon: al-Bukhari Shahiih (Fat-Hul Baari IX/293, no. 5192), Muslim Shahiih (II/711, no. 1026), Sunan Abu Dawud (VII/128, no. 2141), Sunan at- Tir-midzi (II/140, no. 779), Sunan Ibn Majah (I/560, no. 1761) with the addition.

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