Sunday, 11 December 2011

Fasting

Fasting

By
Sheikh Abdullah bin Abd al-Azhim Khalafi

Recommended for people who fasted to pay attention to some of the following manners:

a. Eat Sahur
It was narrated from Anas radi anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

تسحروا فإن في السحور بركة.

"Eat sahurlah you because there's actually a blessing on the meal." [1]

And has countless meal, although only with a sip of water, based on the hadith 'Abdullah bin' Amr radi anhuma, he said, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

تسحروا ولو بجرعة ماء.

"Eat your sahurlah although only with a sip of water." [2]

Sunnah to mengakhirkan meal, as was narrated from Anas, from Zaid ibn Thabit, he said, "We never ate the meal with the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, after which he immediately set off prayer. I asked, 'How long is the distance between the call to prayer and the meal?' He replied, 'About the same as reading 50 verses.' "[3]

If the call to prayer has been heard and food or drink still in his hand, then shall he eat or drink, based on the hadith of Abu Huraira radi anhu, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said;

إذا سمع أحدكم النداء والإناء على يده فلا يضعه حتى يقضي حاجته منه.

"Those of you who heard the call to prayer (Shubuh) and vessel (food) is still in his hand, then let him put it before he finished eating." [4]

b. Refrain from conversation that is not beneficial and dirty words, or the like with the things that are contrary to the purpose of fasting

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

إذا كان يوم صوم أحدكم فلا يرفث ولا يصخب ولا يجهل, فإذا شاتمه أحد أو قاتله فليقل إني صائم.

"If on day one of you fasting, then he should not utter obscenities, making noise and not do anything too stupid people. And if there are people who mencacinya or attack, then let him say, 'Actually I was fasting.' "[5]

Also narrated from Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

من لم يدع قول الزور والعمل به فليس لله حاجة في أن يدع طعامه وشرابه.

"Whoever does not abandon false speech and do it, then God does not require that person to leave food and drink (fasting)." [6]

c. Generous nature and reproduce readings al-Qur-an
It was narrated from Ibn 'Abbas, he said, "Verily, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam was the most generous in goodness, and he will be more generous (from the days usually) during Ramadan, when Gabriel came to him and is always coming to see Gabriel every night of the nights of Ramadan, until Ramadan is completed, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam recited al-Qur'an to Gabriel. And when he met Gabriel he is more generous (gently) from the winds that blow gently. "[7]

d. Hasten breaking the fast (ta'-vols)
It was narrated from Sahl ibn Sa'd radi anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

لا يزال الناس بخير ما عجلوا الفطر.

"The human race will remain good as long as they hasten to break the fast." [8]

e. Breaking the fast with what is readily available to him of these things in the following hadith
It was narrated from Anas, he said, "The Prophet used to break the fast with ruthab (fresh dates) prior to his prayers. If he does not get ruthab, then he is breaking with some Tamr fruit (ripe dates which had long been learned) and if it does not get Tamr, so he drank the water. "[9]

f. Pray when breaking the fast with prayer contained in the following hadith
It was narrated from Ibn 'Umar radi anhuma, he said, "Behold, the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam when breaking the fast is always read:

ذهب الظمأ وابتلت العروق وثبت الأجر إن شاء الله.

"Having lost his thirst and had wet the veins, and has established a reward, God willing." [10]

[Copied from the book Al-Sunnah wal Wajiiz FII Fiqhis Kitaabil Aziiz, author Azhim Shaykh ibn Abdul al-Khalafi Badawai, edition of Indonesia Guide Complete Fiqh, Translation Team Tashfiyah LIPIA - Jakarta, Reader Publishers Ibn Kathir, Ramadan First published in 1428 - September 2007M]
_______
Footnote
[1]. Agreed upon: al-Bukhari Shahiih (Fat-Hul Baari IV/139, no. 1923), Muslim Shahiih (II/770, no. 1095), Sunan at-Tirmidhi (II/106, no. 703), Sunan an -Nasa-i (IV/141), Sunan Majah Ibni (I/540, no. 1692).
[2]. Saheeh: [Shahiih al-Jaami'ish Shaghiir (no. 2945)], Shahiih Ibni Hibban (no. 223, 884).
[3]. Agreed upon: al-Bukhari Shahiih (Fat-Hul Baari IV/138, no. 1921), Muslim Shahiih (II/771, no. 1097), Sunan at-Tirmidhi (II/104, no. 699), Sunan an -Nasa-i (IV/143), Sunan Majah Ibni (I/540, no. 1694).
[4]. Saheeh: [Shahiih al-Jaami'ish Shaghiir (no. 607)], Sunan Abi Dawood (VI/475, no. 2333), Mustadrak al-Hakim (I/426).
[5]. Fragment of the hadith: "Every son of Adam is a charity for himself ..." and has passed takhrijnya.
[6]. Saheeh: [Mukhtasar Shahiih al-Bukhari (no. 921)], Shahiih al-Bukhari (Fat-Hul Baari) (IV/116, no. 1903), Sunan Abi Dawood (VI/488, no. 2345), Sunan at -Tirmidhi (II/105, no. 702).
[7]. Agreed upon: al-Bukhari Shahiih (Fat-Hul Baari I/30, no. 6), Shahiih Muslims (IV/1803, no. 2308).
[8]. Agreed upon: al-Bukhari Shahiih (Fat-Hul Baari IV/198, no. 1957), Muslim Shahiih (II/771, no. 1098), Sunan at-Tirmidhi (II/103, no. 695).
[9]. Hasan hadeeth: [Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood (no. 2065)], Sunan Abi Dawood (VI / 481, no. 2339), Sunan at-Tirmidhi (II/102, no. 692).
[10]. Hasan: [Sunan Abi Dawud Shahiih (no. 2066)], Sunan Abi Dawood (VI/482, no. 2340).

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