Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih Al 'Uthaymeen
The scholars differed in determining the period or duration of menstruation. There are about six or seven of opinion in this case.
Ibn al-Mundhir said: "There are groups who argue that the limitation period has no minimum or maximum number of days".
This opinion as the opinion of the Ad-Darimi above, and a choice of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah. And that is true based on the Qur'an, Sunnah and logic.
The first proposition.
Word of Allah Ta'ala.
"It means: They ask you about menstruation. Say:" Menstruation is a dirt ". Therefore be ye abstain from women at the time of menstruation, and do not close them, before they are sacred ..." [Al-Baqarah: 222]
In this verse, which God made as the deadline for the ban is purity, not the passage of day and night, or three days, or fifteen days. This suggests that illat (reason) is the legal period, namely the presence or absence. So, if there is a period shall apply the law and if it had been pure (not menstruating) no longer apply the laws of menstruation.
Narrated in Saheeh Muslim Juz 4, hal.30 that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to Aisha who get your period when in a state of ihram for Umrah.
"It means: Do what the pilgrims do, just do not do tawaf at the Ka'bah before ye holy".
Aisha said: "After entering the feast of sacrifice, then I am holy".
In Sahih Al-Bukhari, narrated that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said to Aisha.
"Meaning: Wait. If ye holy, came forth to Tan'im".
In this hadith, the Prophet made as the deadline for the ban is purity, not a particular period. This shows that the law is related to menstrual irregularity, and whether or not there.
That the restrictions and details of the jurists mentioned in this issue is not contained in the Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, and this is necessary, even urgent to be explained.
If such restrictions and details that must be understood by including human and practiced in the worship of Allah, surely have explained clearly by Allah and His Messenger to everyone, given the importance of the resulting laws relating to prayer, fasting, marriage, divorce , inheritance and other laws. As Allah and His Messenger has described about prayer; amount of numbers and rakaatnya, their timing, bowing and prostration; of charity: the type of property, nisabnya, the percentage is and who is entitled to receive it; about fasting; time and his time; about the Hajj and other issues, even about the etiquette of eating, drinking, sleeping, jima '(the relationship of husband sitri), sit down, in and out of the house, defecating, up to a number of stone for the purification of defecating, and other matters either small as well as large, which is the completeness and perfection of religion favors which God gave the Mu'minin.
Word of Allah Ta'ala.
"Meaning: ..... And we sent down unto you the Book (Qur'an) to explain everything ....." [An-Nahl: 89].
"Meaning: The Qur'an ..... it's not made-up story, but mebenarkan (scriptures) previously and explains everything ...." [Yusuf: 111].
Because of restrictions and details are not contained in the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam then I saw that it can not be used as a benchmark. However, the actual used as a benchmark is the presence of menstruation, which has been associated with the laws of Personality 'by the presence or absence.
This proposition - that a law can not be accepted if it is not contained in the Book and the Sunnah - useful for you in this issue and the problems of other religious sciences, because the laws can not be established unless syar'i of the beard syar'i from the Book of Allah , or the Sunnah of His Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam or ijma' is known, or qiyas is saheeh.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah in the rule, one that discusses, says: "Among the titles are linked by God with the various laws in the Book and the Sunnah, which is a menstruation. God does not specify minimum and maximum limits, or the holy period between the two periods. And the people need it and a lot of trials that befall them for it. Bahasapun not distinguish between one restriction with other restrictions. So whoever determines a constraint in this problem, it means that he has violated the Book and Sunnah "[Proceedings fil-Asmaa 'allati' allaqa ash-Syaari 'al- ahkaama bihaa. it. 35].
The correct logic or qiyas and general nature. Namely, that God explain 'illat (reason) menstruation as dirt. So when your period is there, meaning there is any dirt. There was no difference between the second day with the first day, the day of the fourth with the third day. There was also no difference between the sixteenth day to the fifteenth day, or between the eighteenth day of the seventeenth day. Menopause is menstruation and the dirt is dirt. In the two days there 'illat the same. If so, how can the law distinguish between these two days, but both are the same in 'illat? Is not this contrary to qiyas right? Is not it true that according to qiyas which is the same both days in the law because of the similarity both in the 'illat?
The existence of differences and clash of ideas among scholars that provide limits, showing that in this matter there is no argument to be used as a benchmark. However, it is the laws of ijtihad can go wrong and it could be true, no one opinion is more worthy than another followed. And is the reference in the event of a disagreement is the Qur'an and Sunnah.
If you find an opinion stating there is no minimum or maximum limit of menstruation is a strong opinion and a rajih, then please be aware that every time she saw the blood naturally, not due to injury or other, means the blood is menstrual blood, without consideration of time or age. Unless the bleeding is continuously non-stop or pause just like a day or two days a month, then the blood is the blood istihadhah. And will be described, Inysa God, about istihadhah and its laws.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said: "In principle, any blood coming out of the womb is menstruation. Unless there is evidence to suggest that the blood was istihadhah" [Proceedings fil-Asmaa 'allati' allaqa ash-Syaari 'al-ahkaama bihaa. it. 36].
He also said: "The blood that comes out is menstruation, otherwise known as blood because of illness or injury". [Proceedings fil Asmaa 'allati' allaqa ash-Syaari 'al-ahkaama bihaa. it. 38].
This opinion is as strong an opinion based on the proposition, is also an opinion that can best be understood and more easily understood and practiced and applied than the opinions of those who provide limits. Thus, this opinion deserves more because it fits with the spirit and principles of Islam, namely: simple and easy.
Word of Allah Ta'ala.
"Which means: And He (God) never made for you in the religion of a narrow". [Al-Hajj: 78].
Word of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
"Meaning: It is the religion (Islam) is easy. And no one makes (exaggeration) but going undefeated in his religion. Then shall apply straight, simple (do not exceed the limit) and spread the good news". [Al-Bukhari Hadith].
And among ahlak Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, that if he asked to choose between two things, then chooses the easiest as long as not a sin.
[Copied from the book of Minutes Fid Dimaa 'Ath-Lin Thabiiyah Nisa' Author Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih Al 'Ustaimin, with the Indonesian edition of Blood Habit for Women, translator Mohammad Harun Yusuf, MA, Dar ul Haq Publisher Jakarta]