Wednesday, 30 November 2011

Women in Islam : Istihadhah And Conditions Women Mustahadhah

Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih Al 'Uthaymeen
Part One of Two Posts [1 / 2]


[1].  Istihadhah

Istihadhah is constantly out of the blood in a women without stopping or pausing at all like a day or two days a month.

Argument of the first condition, namely blood keluamya continuously without stopping at all, the hadith narrated by al-Bukhari from Aisha radi 'anha that Fatimah bint Abu Hubaisy said to the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wasallam:

"O Messenger of Allah, indeed I was never sacred" In another narration • "I have never istihadhah it holy."

Argument of the second condition, ie, the blood does not stop except for a minute, narrated from Hamnah bint Jahsh when it came to the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam and said:

"O Messenger of Allah, indeed I was having a raging Istihadhah all." [Hadith reported by Ahmad, At-Tirmidi AbuDawud and stating saheeh. It added that this hadeeth saheeh by Imam Ahmad, according to Al-Bukhari is hasan]

[2]. Condition of Women Mustahadhah

There are three conditions for women mustahadhah:
[A]. Prior experience istihadhah, he had a clear period of time. In this condition, let him be guided by the menstrual schedule that has been known previously. So at that time period and is calculated as the laws apply to her menstruation. The addition time is istihadhah applicable laws istihadhah him.

For example, a women usually menstruation for six days at the beginning of each month, a sudden onset and blood istihadhah out constantly. Then calculated the six-day menstrual period at the beginning of each month, while in others a istihadhah. Based on the hadeeth of Aisha radi 'anha that Fatimah bint Abi Hubaisy asked the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wasallam: "O Messenger of Allah, indeed I have never istihadhah so holy, if I left the prayer? Prophet replied: No, it is a blood disease. But leave a prayer as many days do you usually menstruation before it, then wash up and do the prayer. "[Hadith narrated by al-Bukhari]

Narrated in Saheeh Muslim that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam said to Umm Habibah bint Jahsh: "Be quiet during the normal menstrual period stop you, then wash up and do the prayer." Thus, the female menstrual mustahadhah the obvious time to wait during the menstrual period. After the bath and prayers, even though the blood at the time was still out.

[B]. Not having a clear time period before experiencing istihadhah, because istihadhah is constantly happening to him starting from the first time she found blood. In this condition, let him do tamyiz (distinction); as if his blood is black, or thick,. or smelly then what happens is applicable to her menstruation and menstrual laws. And if not, what happens is istihadhah and applicable laws istihadhah him.

For example, a women the first time found blood and blood came out continually: but he found for ten days a month later after his blood-stained black and colored it red, or she found during the ten days a month and then after that the blood viscous liquid, or she found during the ten days a month but after smelling menstrual blood does not smell so that menstrual blood that stained black (in the first case), gore (in both cases) and the blood that smells (padakasus third). Meanwhile, in addition to that, considered as istihadhah blood.

Based on the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam told Fatimah bint Abu Hubaisy: "The blood of menstruation is if the black color that can be known. If so then leave a prayer. But if otherwise then do pray berwudhulah and therefore the blood disease. "[Hadith narrated by Abu Dawood, An-Nasa'i and declared saheeh by Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim]

This hadith, although it needs to be reviewed in terms of the sanad and matannya, has been practiced by the scholars' rahimahumullah. And it's more mainstream than be returned to the habits of women in general.

[C]. Not having a clear time period and can not be distinguished from the blood properly. Such as: if istihadhah experienced persistent starting from when he first saw the blood while the blood by just one feature or fickle and can not be regarded as menstrual blood. In this condition, let him take the habit of women in general.

Then the menstrual period is six or seven days in each month is calculated starting from when you first discover the rest is istihadhah Moderate blood.

For example, a women when he first saw blood on the 5th and blood came out continuously without being able to distinguish exactly where the menstrual blood, either by color or by other means. Then on a monthly menstrual calculated for six or seven days starting from that date.
It is based on the hadith Hamnah bint Jahsh radi 'anha that he said to the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wasallam: "O Messenger of Allah, indeed I was having a raging istihadah once. Then what do you think about it because he has been my way of prayer and fasting? He said:" I inform you (to use) attach to cotton with a pussy, because it can absorb the blood ". Hamnah said:" The blood more than that ". Nabipun said:" This is just one tease Satan. Then calculate haidmu 6 or 7 days according to the knowledge of Allah Ta'ala and then wash it until you feel clean and pure, then The prayer for 24 or 3 days, and puasalah. "[Hadith reported by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi. According to Ahmad and At-Tirmidhi Hadith is authentic, being hasan by al-Bukhari]

Words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam: 6 or 7 days is not to provide such an option, but that her diligence in a way which is more close attention to the condition of another women who looks more like his physical condition, age and relationship closer and noticed kekeluargaannya which is more approaching from the state of menstruation blood and other considerations.

If the conditions are closer for 6 days, he will count the menstrual period of 6 days, but if the conditions are closer for 7 days, he will count the menstrual period of 7 days.

[Copied from the book of Minutes Fid Dimaa 'Ath-Thabii'iyah Lin-Nisa' Author Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih Al 'Uthaymeen, edition of Indonesia with the blood habit Women 44-49 issue of Darul-Haq, Mohammad Yusuf Harin Translators. MA]

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