Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih Al 'Uthaymeen
Part One of Three Posts [1 / 3]
There are many laws period, there were more than twenty law. And we mention here the laws that we consider are needed, among others.
Menstruating woman is forbidden to pray, either obligatory or circumcision, and his prayer is invalid. Also not required to pray for him, unless he gets most of his time as much as one rak'ah perfect, either at the beginning or end of time.
Example at the beginning of time: A menstruating woman after sunset, but he could earn as much as cypress ra'kaat of his time. It is obligatory upon him, after the saint, mengqadha 'maghrib prayer because he has gained most of his time is sufficient for one menstrual cycles prior to arrival.
Adapaun example at the end of time, a holy woman of the period before sunrise and still managed to get one rak'ah of his time. It is obligatory upon him, after purification, mengqadha 'Shubuh prayers because he still managed to get most of his time is enough for one rak'ah.
However, if a woman is menstruating get most of the time for prayer is not enough for a perfect cycles, such as: menstrual-Arrival at the first instance, shortly after sunset, or holy of menstruation, in the second example, shortly before sunrise, then pray the not obligatory for him. Based on the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
"Meaning: Whoever get one rak'ahs of prayer, then he has to get prayer" [Agreed Hadith 'alayhi].
Understanding, who get less than one rak'ah of 'Asr time, is it mandatory for him to do together Zhuhur Asr prayer, or get one rak'ahs of Isha time' is obligatory upon him pray Maghrib with Isha '.?
There are differences of opinion among the scholars on this issue. And that is true, that prayer is not obligatory for him but gained some time, namely Asr and Isha prayers'. Because the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam.
"Meaning: Whoever get one rak'ah of 'Asr prayer before sunset, then he has gained the' Asr prayer". [Hadiths Agreed upon him].
The Prophet did not state "then he has gained Zhuhur and Asr prayer", also did not mention the obligation Zhuhur prayer for him. And according to the rule, a person is in principle free of dependents. This is the madhhab of Imam Abu Hanifa and Imam Malik, as mentioned in the book Sharh al-Muhadzdzab Juz 3, hal.70.
As for reading dhikr, Takbir, prayer beads, tahmid and bismillah when to eat or other work, read the hadith, fiqh, and aminnya prayer, and listen to the Qur'an, it is not forbidden for menstruating women. It is based on the hadith in Sahih al-Bukhari, Muslim and other books that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam never rests in a room Aisha radi' anha that when it is menstruating, then he read the Qur'an.
Also narrated in Saheeh Al-Bukhari-Muslim of Umm 'Athiyah radi' anha that he heard the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said.
"Meaning: To get out of the girls, virgins and menstruating women to pray the Eid al-Fitr and Adha, and so they come to see the good and the supplications of the faithful. But the menstruating women away from the place of prayer"
While reading the Quran for menstruating women themselves, if the eyes or in the liver without pronounced by the tongue so it does not matter jurisdiction. For example, Manuscripts or sheets of Al-Quran and then laid her eyes on the verses of his heart as he read. According to An-Nawawi in Sharh al-Muhadzdzab book, Juz 2, pg. 372 it may, without any difference of opinion.
As if the woman's menstrual reading the Quran with oral, then many scholars mengharamkannya and not allow it. But Al-Bukhari, Ibn Jarir At-Tabari and Ibn Munzdir allow it. Also be read verses of the Qur'an to menstruating women, according to Malik and Ash-Shafi'i in his opinion the foregoing, as mentioned in the book Fathul Baari (Juz 1, pg. 408), and according to Ibrahim An-Nakha'i as Al-Bukhari narrated.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah in al-Fatawa collection of Ibn Qasim said: "Basically, there is no hadith that banning menstruating women read the Quran. As for the statement" Women and men junub menstruation should not be read verses of the Qur'an "is Da'eef hadith according to the words of the hadith experts. If menstrual banned women read the Quran, like prayer, but at the time of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam the wanitapun having periods, it certainly includes that described the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam to his people, known to his wives as the mothers of the mu'minin, and delivered his companions to people. However, no one said that there is no prohibition from the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam in this issue. Therefore, should not be judged unlawful for a note that the Prophet did not forbid it. If the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam did not forbid it, but many women menstruating at the time he means it is not unlawful "[Ibid, Juz 2. case, 191].
After knowing the difference of opinion among the scholars, should we say, more important for menstruating women did not read the Qur'an orally, except if required. For example, a female teacher to teach reading to students of Al-Quran-siswinya or a student who at the time of examination needs to be tested in reading the Qur'an, and so forth.
Diaharamkan for menstruating women to fast, whether it's fasting obligatory circumcision mupun fasting, and fasting does not legitimate. But he was obligated mengqadha 'fasting is obligatory, based on the hadeeth of Aisha radi' anha.
"It means: When we experience menstruation, told us mengqadha 'fasting and not commanded mengqadha' prayer '. [Hadith Agreed alaih]
If a woman is menstruating while fasting arrival batallah so fast, even though it happened just before sunset, and obliged him mengqadha 'fasting day if the fasting obligatory. However, if he felt the signs of impending menstruation before sunset, but only out of the blood after maghrib, then according to the saheeh opinion that his fast was perfect and not void. The reason, the blood still in the womb there is no law. The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam when asked about a woman who sees a dream like her dream man, is it mandatory shower? He replied.
"It means: Yes, if she sees semen".
In the hadith of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam associate with the law saw the semen, not with signs of discharge. Similarly, menstrual problems, does not apply its laws except by seeing the blood come out, not with signs of discharge.
Also if at the time of dawn, a woman still in a state of menstruation it is not legitimate to fast on that day, though he holy shortly after dawn. But when the holy dawn, then the fast is valid even if he had showered after dawn. Like anyone in a state of junub, if the intention of fasting when it was still in a state of junub and have not had time to shower until after dawn, then valid in this case. Essentially, the hadith Aisha radi 'anha, she said.
"Meaning: Once upon a morning in the month of Ramadan the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam was in a state junub as jima', not because of a dream, then he fasted". [Hadith Muattafaq 'alayhi].
Forbidden for menstruating women to circumambulate the Kaaba, whether mandatory or a circumcision, and unauthorized thawafnya. Based on the words of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam to Aisha.
"It means: Do what the pilgrims do, just do not do tawaf at the Ka'bah before ye holy".
As for other obligations, such as sa'i between Safa and Marwah, wukuf at Arafat, spend the night at Muzdalifah and Mina, and practice throwing Jumrah Hajj and `Umrah in addition, is unlawful. On this basis, if a woman is doing tawaf in a state of purity, then exit immediately after tawaf menstruation, or in the midst of doing sa'i, then it does not matter jurisdiction.
[Copied from the book of Minutes Fid Dimaa 'Ath-Lin Thabiiyah Nisa' Author Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih Al 'Ustaimin, with the Indonesian edition of Blood Habits Women, p. 26-31 Translators Muhammad Harun Yusuf, MA, Dar ul Haq Publisher Jakarta]