Tuesday, 6 November 2012

Signs of the Day of Judgment

Signs of the Day of Judgment

Dr. Yusuf bin Abdillah bin Yusuf al-Wabil

Signs of the Day of Judgment
Sequence of  Signs of the Day of Judgment :

We've yet to get the proposition that clearly describes the sequence of the signs of  the day of judgment by events. Everything is expressed in a variety of hadeeth no order, because the order of mention in it at all does not imply the order in the event. The phrase in the letter connect it using Wawu, while the letter does not contain meaning sequences.

There are some texts that the order violated the order mentioned in other texts.

For this to be more clear, we will mention a few examples to reveal some hadiths that mention the signs of  the day of judgment in whole or in part.

1. Imam Muslim narrated from Hudzaifah rahimahullah Asid bin al-Ghifari radi anhu, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam came to us. While we are talking, and he asked:

ما تذاكرون?

'What are you talking about?'

They said, 'We're talking about  the day of judgment. "He said:

إنها لن تقوم حتى ترون قبلها عشر آيات.

'Indeed it ( the day of judgment) is not going to happen until you see ten signs before.'

Then he mentioned the smoke, the Dajjal, the animals, the sun rising from the west, the lower the Prophet 'Isa ibn Maryam, Ya'-JUJ and Ma'-JUJ, and three khasf (sinking into the earth); khasf in the east, khasf in the west, and khasf in the Arabian Peninsula, and the last is the fire exit from Yemen that lead men to where they congregate. "[1]

Imam Muslim narrated this hadith from rahimahullah Hudzaifah lafazh bin Asid with another, namely:

إن الساعة لا تكون حتى تكون عشر آيات: خسف بالمشرق, وخسف بالمغرب, وخسف بجزيرة العرب, والدخان, والدجال, ودابة الأرض, ويأجوج ومأجوج, وطلوع الشمس من مغربها, ونار تخرج من قعرة عدن ترحل الناس.

"Surely  the day of judgment will not happen until there are ten signs (before): khasf in the east, west khasf, khasf in the Arabian Peninsula, the smoke, the Dajjal, the animals of the earth, Ya'-JUJ and Ma'-JUJ, rising of the sun from the west, and fire coming out of the abyss' Adn that lead men. "

In another narration:

والعاشرة: نزول عيسى بن مريم.

"And the tenth: declining 'Isa son of Maryam." [2]

It is a hadith of the Companions who narrated the two lafazh (editor) which differ on the order of the signs of  the day ofjudgment.

2. Imam Muslim narrated from Abu Hurayrah may Allaah have mercy radi anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

بادروا بالأعمال ستا: طلوع الشمس من مغربها, أو الدخان, أو الدجال, أو الدابة, أو خاصة أحدكم, أو أمر العامة.

"Haste you in charity (before coming) six things: the rising of the sun from the west, the smoke, the Dajjal, the animals, something special for you (death), or a common problem (the Day of Resurrection)." [3]

Imam Muslim rahimahullah narrated this hadith from Abu Hurayrah radi lafazh anhu with others:

بادروا بالأعمال ستا: الدجال, والدخان, ودابة الأرض, وطلوع الشمس من مغربها, وأمر العامة, وخويصة أحدكم.

"Haste you in charity (before coming) six things: the Antichrist, the smoke, the animals of the earth, the sun rising from the west, a common problem (the Day of Resurrection), and something special for you (death)." [4]

It was one of a Companion hadith narrated by two different editors in the order of most major signs of Judgement athaf also in the use of letters, in which the history of the first use (أو) while the other uses (و), and both not at all shows the sequence.

That we might know is the sequence part of the mark in terms of appearance partly after the other, as there are in some history, as described in the hadeeth of Ibn an-Nawwas Sam'an radi anhu, as will be explained later inshaa Allah Ta'ala. Mentioned in it some sign in order according to the event. In it mentioned the release of Dajjal to man first, then drop the Prophet 'Isa Alaihissallam to kill him, then release Ya'-JUJ and Ma'-JUJ of the Prophet' Isa Alaihissallam, and mentions his prayer that they be destroyed.

Similarly, there are at most of history that the first sign of this, while the last one is this. However, in fact it was a difference of opinion among the scholars of the first signs appeared, and this debate has existed since the time of the Sahaba radi anhum. Imam Ahmad and Muslim narrated from Abu رحمهما الله Zur'ah [5], he said, "There are three people from among the Muslims who are sitting with Marwan bin Hakam in Madinah, they heard him narrate about the signs (of Judgment) that the first a sign is a discharge of the Antichrist. Then 'Abdullah bin' Amr [6] rahimahullah said, "Marwan did not say anything (which could be held), I had memorized from the Messenger sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam narrated that I never forget later, I heard the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said:

إن أول الآيات خروجا طلوع الشمس من مغربها, وخروج الدابة على الناس ضحى, وأيهما ما كانت قبل صاحبتها; فالأخرى على إثرها قريبا.

"Surely sign ( the day of judgment) the first time out is her sun rises from the west, then exit the animal (of the earth) to humans at the time of Duha. And anywhere in between the first out, then others ensued in the near future. "

This is the editorial in Muslim history.

While Imam Ahmad rahimahullah provide additional in his memoirs, "'Abdullah said those times he read some of the books' I believe that the first time out is the rising of the sun from the west.'" [7]

True, al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar rahimahullah combine (describing history) that the release of the Antichrist is the first and (describing history) that the rising of the sun from the west is the first time, he said, "The most powerful argument of all history that discharge of the Antichrist is the first major sign that suggests changes in general conditions in the earth, it ends with the death of the Prophet 'Isa Alaihissallam. While the rising of the sun from the west is the first major sign that signaled a change on the natural (solar array), it ends with the arrival of  the day of judgment, and I think the release of large animals (from the ground) occurred on that day in which the sun rises from the west. '

Then he said, "Wisdom at it that when the sun rises from the west door of repentance is closed and the animals out. This great animal will distinguish between a believer and infidel, as the purpose of closing the door falsifies repentance, and the first sign that suggests the establishment of  the day of judgment is a fire that collect human beings. "[8]

As al-Hafiz Ibn Kathir found a strange discharge of large animals is the first major sign of Judgement happens on earth (the underworld), because the animals are talking to people and to distinguish between the believer and unbeliever is a menyelisihi habit.

While the rising of the sun from the west, it is very clear and is the first sign of  the day of judgment is happening in the sky.

The emergence of the Antichrist, the decline Prophet 'Isa Alaihissallam from the sky, and the release of Ya'-JUJ and Ma'-JUJ, even though they were out before sunrise from the west prior to the advent of the animals because they are all human beings, they also witnessed the like with them, not strange things. Unlike the release of the animals and the rising sun from the west, then It's all strange thing. [9]

It seems that the opinion can be relied upon is the opinion held by Ibn Hajar, since the release of the Antichrist as a human condition did not sign  the day of judgment, which makes it as a sign of  the day of judgment is the situation as a human with the ability to command the sky to rain, then the rain came down , and ordered the earth to grow the plants, the earth was cultivating plants. He has a lot of remarkable ability, as will be explained in the discussion of the Antichrist.

So the Dajjal is essentially the first major sign of Judgement happens in the earth that are out of the ordinary.

Ath-Thaibi rahimahullah [10] said, "extraordinary events are the signs of resurrection as a sign of the close of Judgment, or a sign of impending Apocalypse. The first is the Antichrist, the lower the Prophet 'Isa, Ya'-JUJ Ma'-JUJ, and sinking into the earth. The second part is the smoke, the sun rises from the west, exit animal and human collecting fire. "[11]

This is the order of between one group Apocalypse signs with another group without trying to sort any markings under two groups, although it seems to us that the ath-Thaibi found the judgment in accordance with the order of which he mentioned in each group, because of the division This hold-him-which is a good division again carefully. Because, if the first part showing the proximity of Judgement has come out, it could bring every human being so that they repent and return to their Lord, which previously has been no distinction between a believer and infidel. Signs that he mentioned in the first division we have stated that all of the order in accordance with the event, coupled with the presence of sinking into the earth, then it is appropriate for him.

As if the second part has emerged that shows the arrival of Judgment-, verily man is distinguished between believers and unbelievers, as will be explained later that the emergence of smoke that hit every believer, then they like in a cold state, as for pagans inflated due to inhalation smoke. Then the sun rises from the west, then shut the door of repentance, so that someone who previously pagan faith at all helpful, as someone who repent. After that came a huge beast that would discriminate against men, so that a pagan can be distinguished from a believer, because the animals provide a sign for the believers also give a (another) to the pagans as will be explained. And the end of it all was the fire that led to the emergence of humans.

We deliberately mentioned the signs of Judgement in the order specified by the ath-Thaibi, because that opinion is-in our opinion-closer to the truth, Allah knows best.

And before mentioning the big signs that these ten, we will speak first about al-Mahdi, as he appeared before the signs. It was he who joined the believers to kill the Antichrist, then descended the Prophet 'Isa Alaihissallam, and prayed behind him, as will be explained, insha Allah.

BERANGKAINYA emergence SIGNS OF  the day of judgment
If the judgment of the first major signs have appeared, the other signs that will come out in sequence like a pearl in a series, one following the other.

Ath-Thabrani rahimahullah narrates in the book of al-Ausath from Abu Hurayrah radi anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, he said:

خروج الآيات بعضها على إثر بعض, يتتابعن كما تتابع الخرز في النظام.

"The emergence of signs ( the day of judgment) partly follows the other, follow each other like pearls on a string." [12]

And al-Imam Ahmad narrates from 'Abdullah ibn' Amr radi anhuma, he said, "The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam said:

الآيات خرزات منظومات في سلك, فإن يقطع السلك; يتبع بعضها بعضا.

'The signs ( the day of judgment) like pearls strung on the thread, if the thread is cut, so some others will follow.' "[13]

Save-our-Allah knows best is the sign here is the great signs of Judgement, because Zahir from the hadiths indicate the emergence of mutual berdekatannya signs with a very close distance.

This is reinforced by the information that has been passed on the order of the signs of  the day of judgment, where most of the hadith mention that a portion signs appeared in the days that are close together. The first sign of the Apocalypse after the appearance of the Mahdi is the Antichrist discharge, then drop 'Isa Alaihissallam to kill him, then come Ya'-JUJ Ma'-JUJ, and prayer Prophet' Isa Alaihissallam for their destruction, God finally destroyed them, The next Prophet 'Isa Alaihissallam said:

ففيما عهد إلي ربي أن ذلك إذا كان كذلك; فإن الساعة كالحامل المتم التي لا يدري أهلها متى تفجؤهم بولادها ليلا أو نهارا.

"Then at the Rabb revealed by me to me, that it ( the day of judgment) take place if so. So the real  the day of judgment is like a pregnant woman who has been perfect (pregnancy) but her family did not know when they were surprised by the birth, many days night or during the day? "[14]

It is very close  the day of judgment proposition, since the death of the Prophet 'Isa Alaihissallam and the Resurrection are some major signs of Judgement, such as the rising of the sun from the west, the emergence of large animals, smoke, and fire exit that collect human beings. Signs of Judgement this happened in a very short time before the establishment of  the day of judgment. Parables, such as ties are disconnected from the circuit, Allah knows best.

And we have to get something that confirms what we have mentioned. Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar rahimahullah said, "It is still the major signs of Judgement like the thread, if it broke, the pearl in it will fall. This hadith Ahmad explained in history ". [15]

[Copied from the book Asyraathus Saa'ah, author Joseph bin Abdillah bin Yusuf al-Wabil, Daar Ibnil Jawzi, Prints Fifth 1415H-1995M, Indonesia  the day of judgment Edition has been close, Beni Sarbeni translator, publisher of Reader Ibn Kathir]
[1]. Shahiih Muslim, Book of al-Fitan wa Asyraathus Saa'ah (XVIII/27-28, Sharh an-Nawawi).
[2]. Muslim Shahiih (XVIII/28-29, Sharh an-Nawawi).
[3]. Shahiih Muslim, Book of al-Fitan wa fii Asyraathus Saa'ah chapter Baqiyyati min Ahaadiitsid Dajjal (XVIII / 78, Sharh an-Nawawi).
[4]. Ibid.
[5]. It is said that his name is Haram, others say 'Abdullah and others are saying' Abdurrahman ibn 'Amr ibn Jarir ibn' Abdillah al-Bajali al-Kufi from among scholars Tabi'in. He saw 'Ali radi anhu and has narrated the hadith of Abu Hurairah, Mu'awiyah and' Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-' Ash radi anhuma. See Tahdziibut Tahdziib (XII/99).
[6]. In the original text written in Arabic 'Abdullah bin' Umar, while in the original text of the hadith I found 'Abdullah bin' Amr.-Desc.
[7]. Musnad Ahmad (II/110-111), tahqiq Ahmad Shakir, and Shahiih Muslim, Book of al-Fitan wa Asyraathus Saa'ah, chapter Dzikrud Dajjal (XVIII/77-78, with Sharh an-Nawawi).
[8]. Fat-hul Baari (XI/353).
[9]. See an-Nihaayah/al-Fitan wal Malaahim (I/164-168), tahqiq Dr. Taha Zaini.
[10]. He is Sharafuddin al-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn 'Abdillah ath-Thaibi, including the hadith scholars, and literary interpretation. He has had several papers, among them: Sharh Misykaatil Mashaabiih, Sharh al-Kasyaaf, al-Khulaashah fii Ushuulil Hadiits, and others.
Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar said about him, "He is very good at issuing profound meanings in the al-Qur'an and as-Sunnah, who are eager to spread knowledge and have 'aqeedah authentic."
Raimahullah He died in 743 AH
See his biography in the book Syadzaraatudz Dzahab (VI/137-138), Kasyfudz Dzunuun (I/720), al-A'laam (II/256), the work of az-Zarkali.
[11]. Fat-hul Baari (XI/352-353).
[12]. Al-Haitsami said, "narrated by the ath-Thabrani in al-Ausath, and narrators are narrators of al-Shahiih than 'Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Hanbal and Dawud az-Zahrani, both tsiqah." Majmaa'uz Zawaa-id (VII/331 ).
Al-Albani says, "Sahih." View Shahiih al-Jaami'ish Shaghiir (III/110, no. 3222).
[13]. Musnad Ahmad (XII/6-7, no. 7040) Sharh Ahmad Shakir, he said, "saheeh isnad."
Al-Haitsami said, "Narrated by Ahmad, and in it was' Ali bin Zaid, he is a hasan hadith narrators." Majmaa'uz Zawaa-id (VII/321).
[14]. Musnad Imam Ahmad from the hadeeth of Ibn Mas'ood radi anhu (V/189-190, no. 3556), tahqiq Ahmad Shakir, he said, "saheeh isnaad."
[15]. Fat-hul Baari (XIII/77).